Afrikaans 101

Afrikaans Word List

The purpose of this list is to give a rough idea of the Afrikaans language. The words listed below are not the most common words, but a broad sampling of words. See the Word Lists page for more details.

English

Afrikaans
I

ek
you (singular)

jy (informal), u (formal)
he

hy
we

ons
you (plural)

julle (informal), u (formal)
they

hulle
this

dié, hierdie
that

dat, daardie
here

hier
there

daar
who

wie (interrogative)
what

wat (interrogative)
where

waar (interrogative)
when

wanneer (interrogative)
how

hoe (interrogative)
not

nie
all

alle
many

baie, vele
some

party, sekere, sommige
few

min
other

ander
one

een
two

twee
three

drie
four

vier
five

vyf
big

groot
long

lank, lang
wide

wyd
thick

dik
heavy

swaar
small

klein
short

kort
narrow

nou, smal
thin

dun
woman

vrou
man (adult male)

man
man (human being)

mens
child

kind
wife

vrou, gade, eggenoot
husband

man, gade, eggenoot
mother

moeder
father

vader
animal

dier
fish

vis
bird

voël
dog

hond
louse

luis
snake

slang
worm

wurm
tree

boom
forest

woud, bos
stick

stok
fruit

vrug
seed

saad
leaf

blaar
root

wortel
bark (of a tree)

bas
flower

blom
grass

gras
rope

tou, koord
skin

vel
meat

vleis
blood

bloed
bone

been
fat (noun)

vet
egg

eier
horn

horing
tail

stert
feather

veer
hair

haar
head

kop
ear

oor
eye

oog
nose

neus
mouth

mond
tooth

tand
tongue (organ)

tong
fingernail

nael, vingernael
foot

voet
leg

been
knee

knie
hand

hand
wing

vlerk
belly

maag
guts

ingewande
neck

nek
back

rug
breast

bors
heart

hart
liver

lewer
to drink

drink
to eat

eet
to bite

byt
to suck

suig
to spit

spoeg
to vomit

kots, opgooi, braak
to blow

waai, blaas
to breathe

asemhaal
to laugh

lag
to see

sien
to hear

hoor
to know

weet
to think

dink
to smell

ruik
to fear

vrees, bang
to sleep

slaap
to live

lewe
to die

sterf, doodgaan
to kill

doodmaak
to fight

veg
to hunt

jag
to hit

slaan, tref
to cut

knip, sny
to split

kloof
to stab

steek
to scratch

krap
to dig

grawe
to swim

swem
to fly

vlieg
to walk

loop, stap, wandel
to come

kom
to lie (as in a bed)

to sit

sit
to stand

staan, opstaan (action)
to turn (intransitive)

draai
to fall

val
to give

gee
to hold

hou
to squeeze

druk
to rub

vryf
to wash

was
to wipe

vee
to pull

trek
to push

stoot
to throw

gooi
to tie

bind, knoop
to sew

naai
to count

tel
to say

to sing

sing
to play

speel
to float

dryf, sweef
to flow

vloei
to freeze

vries
to swell

swel
sun

son
moon

maan
star

ster
water

water
rain

reën
river

rivier
lake

meer
sea

see
salt

sout
stone

klip
sand

sand
dust

stof
earth

grond
cloud

wolk
fog

mis
sky

lug
wind

wind, briesie
snow

sneeu
ice

ys
smoke

rook
fire

vuur
ash

as
to burn

brand
road

pad
mountain

berg
red

rooi
green

groen
yellow

geel
white

wit
black

swart
night

nag
day

dag
year

jaar
warm

warm
cold

koud
full

vol
new

nuut, nuwe
old

oud
good

goed
bad

sleg
rotten

vrot
dirty

vuil
straight

reguit
round

rond
sharp (as a knife)

skerp
dull (as a knife)

stomp
smooth

glad
wet

nat
dry

droog
correct

reg, korrek
near

naby
far

ver
right

regs
left

links
at

by
in

in, binne
with

met
and

en
if

as
because

omdat
name

naam

View other word lists here