Arabic 101

Arabic (Jordanian) Peace Corps Course

Arabic Peace Corps Courseمرحبا This Arabic course was developed by the U.S. Peace Corps for its volunteers going to Jordan. It can be useful as a primer for learning the basics of the Arabic language. You can listen and follow along to each lesson or download the whole course directly.

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Lesson 1 – Greetings


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English Arabic Transliteration
Peace be upon you (common greeting) اﻟﺴﻼم ﻋﻠﻴﻜﻢ assalamu عalaikum
(and) Peace be upon you (reply) )و( ﻋﻠﻴﻜﻢ اﻟﺴﻼم (wa) عalaikum assalam
Hello ﻣﺮﺣﺒﺎ marHaba
Hello (reply) أهﻠﻴﻦ/ هﻼ ahlain / hala
Good morning ﺻﺒﺎح اﻟﺨﻴﺮ SabaH elKhair
Good morning (reply) ﺻﺒﺎح اﻟﻨﻮر SabaH ennoor
Good bye ﻣﻊ اﻟﺴﻼﻣﺔ Maع asslamah
May God give you strength (M) یﻌﻄﻴﻚ اﻟﻌﺎﻓﻴﺔ YaعTiik elعafya
May God give you strength (F) یﻌﻄﻴﻜﻲ اﻟﻌﺎﻓﻴﺔ YaعTiikii elعafya
May God give you strength (M)(reply) اﻟﻠّﻪ یﻌﺎﻓﻴﻚ Allah yعaafiik
May God give you strength (F) (reply) اﻟﻠّﻪ یﻌﺎﻓﻴﻜﻲ Allah yعafiikii
What is your name? (male) ﺷﻮ إﺱﻤَﻚ؟ shuu ismak?
What is your name? (female) ﺷﻮ إﺱﻤِﻚ؟ shuu ismek?
My name is…. أﻥﺎ إﺱﻤﻲ … ana ismi ….
And you? (m.) و إﻥﺖَ ؟ u inta?
And you? (f.) و إﻥﺖِ ؟ u inti?

Lesson 2 – Physical State


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English Arabic Transliteration
How are you? (m.) آﻴﻒ ﺣﺎَﻟﻚ؟ kaif Halak?
How are you? (f.) آﻴﻒ ﺣﺎِﻟﻚ؟ kaif Halik?
Thank God (common reply) اﻟﺤﻤﺪ ﷲ alHamdu lillah
OK (lit.”Perfect”) ﺗﻤﺎم tamam
Good (m.) آﻮیﺲ kwayes
Good (f.) آﻮیﺴﺔ kwayesa
Happy (m.) ﻡﺒﺴﻮط mabSuuT
Happy (f.) ﻡﺒﺴﻮﻃﺔ mabSuuTa
Tired (m.) ﺗﻌﺒﺎن Taعban
Tired (f.) ﺗﻌﺒﺎﻧﺔ taعbana

Lesson 3 – Family


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English Arabic Transliteration
Family ﻋﻴﻠﺔ عaila
Father أﺏﻮ abu
Mother أم umm
Brother أﺧﻮ aKhu
Sister أﺧﺖ oKht
Son إﺏﻦ iben
Daughter ﺏﻨﺖ bent
Husband زوج zawj
Wife زوﺟﺔ zawja
I have… أﻧﺎ ﻋﻨﺪي … ana عendi …

Lesson 4 – Useful Expressions


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English Arabic Transliteration
Sorry (m) ﺁﺱﻒ aassef
Sorry (f) ﺁﺱﻔﺔ aassfah
Excuse me ﻋﻔﻮاً عafwan
It’s OK ﺏﺴﻴﻄﺔ basiiTa’
No problem ﻡﺶ ﻡﺸﻜﻠﺔ! mish mushkelah!
Would you please ﻟﻮﺱﻤﺤﺖ! law samaHt!
Thank you ﺵﻜﺮاً shukran!
You welcome (reply) ﻋﻔﻮاً عafwan
Be my guest/ Here you go (m) ﺗﻔﻀﻞ tfaDDal
Be my guest/ Here you go (f) ﺗﻔﻀﻠﻲ tfaDDalii
Yes أیﻮا/ ﻧﻌﻢ Aywa / naعam
No la
Here هﻮن haun
There هﻨﺎك hunaak
Later on! ﺏﻌﺪیﻦ baعdain!
Never أﺏﺪاً abadan
Now هﺴﺎ/ هﻼّ hassaa
It is possible / Is it possible? ﻡﻤﻜﻦ mumken
Come on! یﻠﻼ yallah!
Ok- I agree ﻃﻴّﺐ tayyeb
Ok ﻡﺎﺵﻲ mashii
Normal ﻋﺎدي عaadii
If God wills إن ﺵﺎ اﷲ inshalla

Lesson 5 – Communication Difficulties


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English Arabic Transliteration
I (don’t) understand (m.) أﻥﺎ )ﻣﺶ( ﻓﺎهﻢ ana (mish)faahem
I (don’t) understand (f.) أﻥﺎ )ﻣﺶ( ﻓﺎهﻤﺔ ana(mish) faahema
I (don’t) know أﻥﺎ )ﻣﺎ( أﻋﺮف ana (ma) aعraf
I (don’t) like أﻥﺎ )ﻣﺎ( أﺣﺐ ana (ma) aHeb
I (don’t) want أﻥﺎ )ﻣﺎ( ﺏﺪي ana (ma) beddi
Another time/ Again آﻤﺎن ﻣﺮة/ ﻣﺮة ﺛﺎﻥﻴﺔ Kamaan marra/ marra thanya
I can’t speak much Arabic اﻥﺎ ﻣﺎ أﺣﻜﻲ ﻋﺮﺏﻲ آﺜﻴﺮ ana ma aHkii عarabii kthiir
Slowly! ﺷﻮیﺎ ﺷﻮیﺎ shwaya shwaya!

Lesson 6 – Food


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English Arabic Transliteration
Bread ﺧﺒﺰ Khubez
Cheese ﺟﺒﻨﺔ jebna
Rice رز ruz
Salt ﻡﻠﺢ mileH
Sugar ﺱﻜﺮ sukkar
Water ﻡﻲّ maii
Tea ﺵﺎي shaii
Coffee ﻗﻬﻮة gahwa
Milk ﺣﻠﻴﺐ Haliib
Juice ﻋﺼﻴﺮ عaSiir
Vegetables ﺧﻀﺎر KhuDar
Fruit ﻓﻮاآﻪ fawakeh
Breakfast ﻓﻄﻮر fuTuur
Lunch ﻏﺪا Ghada
Dinner ﻋﺸﺎ ع asha
Delicious زاآﻲ zaaki
Hungry (m.) ﺟﻮﻋﺎن juعaan
Hungry (f.) ﺟﻮﻋﺎﻧﺔ juعaana
Thirsty (m.) ﻋﻄﺸﺎن عaTshaan
Thirsty (f.) ﻋﻄﺸﺎﻧﺔ عaTshaana
Full (m.) ﺵﺒﻌﺎن shabعaan
Full (f.) ﺵﺒﻌﺎﻧﺔ shabعaana

Lesson 7 – Directions


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English Arabic Transliteration
Where? ویﻦ wain ?
On (lit. “In”) ﻓﻲ fii
Street ﺵﺎرع shareع
Peace Corps ﻓﺮق اﻟﺴﻼم firaq assalam
Office ﻡﻜﺘﺐ maktab
Post office ﻡﻜﺘﺐ ﺏﺮیﺪ maktab barid
Bus station ﻡﺠﻤﻊ mujammaع
Left ﺵﻤﺎل / یﺴﺎر shmaal / yassaar
Right یﻤﻴﻦ yamiin
Next to ﺟﻨﺐ janb
Up ﻓﻮق faug
Down ﺗﺤﺖ taHt
Straight دﻏﺮي duGhri

Lesson 8 – Numbers and Money


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English Arabic Transliteration
Zero ﺹﻔﺮ Siffer
One واﺣﺪ waHad
Two اﺛﻨﻴﻦ ethnain
Three ﺛﻼﺛﺔ thalatha
Four ارﺏﻌﺔ arbaعa
Five ﺧﻤﺴﺔ Khamsa
Six ﺱﺘﺔ sitta
Seven ﺱﺒﻌﺔ sabعa
Eight ﺛﻤﺎﻧﻴﺔ thamania
Nine ﺗﺴﻌﺔ tesعa
Ten ﻋﺸﺮة عashara
Gersh (s.) ﻗﺮش gersh
Gersh (pi.) ﻗﺮوش gruush
Dinar ﻟﻴﺮة / دیﻨﺎر laira / diinar
Quarter of a dinar رﺏﻊ دیﻨﺎر rubeع diinar
Half a dinar ﻥﺺ دیﻨﺎر nuS diinar
The change اﻟﺒﺎﻗﻲ elbagii

Lesson 9 – Question Words


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English Arabic Transliteration
What ? ﺷﻮ؟ shuu?
Who ? ﻣﻴﻦ؟ miin?
When ? ﻣﺘﻰ / ایﻤﺘﻰ ؟ aimta? / mata?
How ? آﻴﻒ؟ kaif?
Where ? ویﻦ؟ wain?
How much? How many ? ﻗﺪیﺶ؟ gaddaish?
Which ? أيّ؟ ayy?
Why ? ﻟﻴﺶ؟ Leesh ?

Lesson 10 – Time


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English Arabic Transliteration
Today اﻟﻴﻮم eliaum
Yesterday اﻡﺒﺎرح embaareH
Tomorrow ﺏﻜﺮة bukra
Early ﺏﻜﻴﺮ bakkiir
Late ﻡﺘﺄﺧﺮ mita’aKher
Morning اﻟﺼﺒﺢ eSubeH
Noon اﻟﻈﻬﺮ eDhuhor
Afternoon اﻟﻌﺼﺮ ElعaSer
Evening اﻟﻤﺴﺎ elmasaa
Night اﻟﻠﻴﻞ ellail
Week اﺱﺒﻮع usbuuع
Month ﺵﻬﺮ shaher
Year ﺱﻨﺔ sana

Original Course Text

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