Chinese 101

Chinese numbers are very regular. While Arabic (Western) numerals have become more common, the Chinese numerals shown below are still used, particularly in informal contexts like markets.


0 〇, 零 
líng


1 一 

2 二 
èr
3 三 
sān
4 四 

5 五 

6 六 
lìu
7 七 

8 八 

9 九 
jǐu
10 十 
shí
11 十一 
shí-yī
12 十二 
shí-èr
13 十三 
shí-sān
14 十四 
shí-sì
15 十五 
shí-wǔ
16 十六 
shí-lìu
17 十七 
shí-qī
18 十八 
shí-bā
19 十九 
shí-jǐu
20 二十 
èr-shí
21 二十一 
èr-shí-yī
22 二十二 
èr-shí-èr
23 二十三 
èr-shí-sān
30 三十 
sān-shí
40 四十 
sì-shí
50 五十 
wǔ-shí
60 六十 
lìu-shí
70 七十 
qī-shí
80 八十 
bā-shí
90 九十 
jǐu-shí

For numbers above 100, any "gaps" must be filled in with 〇 líng, as eg. 一百一 yībǎiyī would otherwise be taken as shorthand for "110". A single unit of tens may be written and pronounced either 一十 yīshí or just 十 shí.


100 一百 
yī-bǎi


101 一百〇一 
yī-bǎi-líng-yī
110 一百一十 
yī-bǎi-yī-shí
111 一百一十一 
yī-bǎi-yī-shí-yī
200 二百 
èr-bǎi
300 三百 
sān-bǎi
500 五百 
wǔ-bǎi
1000 一千 
yī-qiān
2000 二千 
èr-qiān


Numbers above 10,000 are grouped by in units of four digits, starting with 万 wàn (ten thousand). "One million" in Chinese is thus "hundred tenthousands" (一百万).


10,000 一万 
yī-wàn


10,001 一万〇一 
yī-wàn-líng-yī
10,002 一万〇二 
yī-wàn-líng-èr
20,000 二万 
èr-wàn
50,000 五万 
wǔ-wàn
100,000 十万 
shí-wàn
200,0000 二十万 
èr-shí-wàn
1,000,000 一百万 
yī-bǎi-wàn
10,000,000 一千万 
yī-qiān-wàn
100,000,000 一亿 
yi1yi4
number _____ (train, bus, etc.) 
number measure word (lu4 or hao4 etc.) _____ (huo3 che1, gong1 gong4 qi4 chi1, etc. Measure words are used in combination with a number to indicate the count of mass nouns.)
half 
半 bàn
less 
少於 shao3yu1
more 
多於 duo1yu1

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