Dutch 101

Dutch Word List

The purpose of this list is to give a rough idea of the Dutch language. The words listed below are not the most common Dutch words, but a broad sampling of words. See the Word Lists page for more details.

English

Dutch
(Nederlands)
I

ik
you (singular)

jij (informal), u (formal)
he

hij
we

wij, we
you (plural)

jullie
they

zij, ze
this

deze, dit
that

die, dat
here

hier
there

daar
who

wie
what

wat
where

waar
when

wanneer
how

hoe
not

niet
all

al,alle
many

veel, menig
some

enkele, sommige
few

weinig
other

ander
one

een
two

twee
three

drie
four

vier
five

vijf
big

groot
long

lang
wide

breed, wijd
thick

dik
heavy

zwaar, hevig
small

klein
short

kort
narrow

smal
thin

dun
woman

vrouw
man (male)

man
man (human)

mens
child

kind
wife

vrouw, echtgenote
husband

man, echtgenoot
mother

moeder
father

vader
animal

dier
fish

vis
bird

vogel
dog

hond
louse

luis
snake

slang
worm

worm
tree

boom
forest

woud
stick

stok
fruit

fruit, vrucht
seed

zaad
leaf

blad
root

wortel
bark (of a tree)

schors
flower

bloem
grass

gras
rope

touw, koord
skin

huid
meat

vlees
blood

bloed
bone

been
fat (noun)

vet
egg

ei
horn

hoorn
tail

staart
feather

veer
hair

haar
head

hoofd, kop
ear

oor
eye

oog
nose

neus
mouth

mond
tooth

tand
tongue

tong
fingernail

vingernagel
foot

voet
leg

been
knee

knie
hand

hand
wing

vleugel
belly

buik
guts

darmen
neck

nek
back

rug
breast

borst
heart

hart
liver

lever
to drink

drinken
to eat

eten
to bite

bijten
to suck

zuigen
to spit

spuwen
to vomit

braken, overgeven
to blow

blazen
to breathe

ademen
to laugh

lachen
to see

zien
to hear

horen
to know

weten
to think

denken
to smell

ruiken
to fear

vrezen
to sleep

slapen
to live

leven
to die

sterven
to kill

doden
to fight

vechten
to hunt

jagen
to hit

slaan, raken
to cut

knippen, snijden
to split

splijten
to stab

steken
to scratch

krabben
to dig

graven
to swim

zwemmen
to fly

vliegen
to walk

lopen, stappen
to come

komen
to lie (as in a bed)

liggen
to sit

zitten
to stand

staan
to turn (intransitive)

draaien
to fall

vallen
to give

geven
to hold

houden
to squeeze

knijpen
to rub

wrijven
to wash

wassen
to wipe

vegen
to pull

trekken
to push

duwen
to throw

werpen, gooien
to tie

vastmaken, binden
to sew

naaien
to count

tellen
to say

zeggen
to sing

zingen
to play

spelen
to float

zweven
to flow

vloeien
to freeze

vriezen
to swell

zwellen
sun

zon
moon

maan
star

ster
water

water
rain

regen
river

rivier
lake

meer
sea

zee
salt

zout
stone

steen
sand

zand
dust

stof
earth

aarde
cloud

wolk
fog

mist, nevel
sky

lucht, hemel
wind

wind
snow

sneeuw
ice

ijs
smoke

rook
fire

vuur
ash

as
to burn

branden
road

weg
mountain

berg
red

rood
green

groen
yellow

geel
white

wit
black

zwart
night

nacht
day

dag
year

jaar
warm

warm
cold

koud
full

vol
new

nieuw
old

oud
good

goed
bad

slecht
rotten

rot
dirty

vuil
straight

recht
round

rond
sharp (as a knife)

scherp
dull (as a knife)

stomp, bot
smooth

glad
wet

nat
dry

droog
correct

juist, correct
near

dichtbij
far

ver
right

rechts

View other word lists here