French 101

French Word List

The purpose of this list is to give a rough idea of the French language. The words listed below are not the most common French words, but a broad sampling of words. See the Word Lists page for more details.

English

French
(Français)
I

je
you (singular)

tu, vous *(formal)*
he

il
we

nous
you (plural)

vous
they

ils
this

ceci
that

cela
here

ici
there

who

qui
what

quoi
where

when

quand
how

comment
not

ne pas
all

tout
many

beaucoup
some

quelques
few

peu
other

autre
one

un
two

deux
three

trois
four

quatre
five

cinq
big

grand
long

long
wide

large
thick

épais
heavy

lourd
small

petit
short

court
narrow

étroit
thin

mince
woman

femme
man (male)

homme
man (human)

homme
child

enfant
wife

femme, épouse
husband

mari, époux
mother

mère
father

père
animal

animal
fish

poisson
bird

oiseau
dog

chien
louse

pou
snake

serpent
worm

ver
tree

arbre
forest

forêt
stick

bâton
fruit

fruit
seed

graine
leaf

feuille
root

racine
bark (of a tree)

écorce
flower

fleur
grass

herbe
rope

corde
skin

peau
meat

viande
blood

sang
bone

os
fat (noun)

graisse
egg

œuf
horn

corne
tail

queue
feather

plume
hair

cheveux
head

tête
ear

oreille
eye

œil
nose

nez
mouth

bouche
tooth

dent
tongue

langue
fingernail

ongle
foot

pied
leg

jambe
knee

genou
hand

main
wing

aile
belly

ventre
guts

entrailles, intestins
neck

cou
back

dos
breast

sein, poitrine
heart

cœur
liver

foie
to drink

boire
to eat

manger
to bite

mordre
to suck

sucer
to spit

cracher
to vomit

vomir
to blow

souffler
to breathe

respirer
to laugh

rire
to see

voir
to hear

entendre
to know

savoir
to think

penser
to smell

sentir
to fear

craindre
to sleep

dormir
to live

vivre
to die

mourir
to kill

tuer
to fight

se battre
to hunt

chasser
to hit

frapper
to cut

couper
to split

fendre
to stab

poignarder
to scratch

gratter
to dig

creuser
to swim

nager
to fly

voler
to walk

marcher
to come

venir
to lie (as in a bed)

s'étendre *(action)*, être étendu*(state)*
to sit

s'asseoir *(action)*, être assis *(state)*
to stand

se lever *(action)*, se tenir debout *(state)*
to turn (intransitive)

tourner
to fall

tomber
to give

donner
to hold

tenir
to squeeze

serrer
to rub

frotter
to wash

laver
to wipe

essuyer
to pull

tirer
to push

pousser
to throw

jeter, lancer
to tie

lier
to sew

coudre
to count

compter
to say

dire
to sing

chanter
to play

jouer
to float

flotter
to flow

couler
to freeze

geler
to swell

gonfler
sun

soleil
moon

lune
star

étoile
water

eau
rain

pluie
river

rivière
lake

lac
sea

mer
salt

sel
stone

pierre
sand

sable
dust

poussière
earth

terre
cloud

nuage
fog

brouillard
sky

ciel
wind

vent
snow

neige
ice

glace
smoke

fumée
fire

feu
ash

cendre
to burn

brûler
road

route
mountain

montagne
red

rouge
green

vert
yellow

jaune
white

blanc
black

noir
night

nuit
day

jour
year

an, année
warm

chaud
cold

froid
full

plein
new

nouveau
old

vieux
good

bon
bad

mauvais
rotten

pourri
dirty

sale
straight

droit
round

rond
sharp (as a knife)

tranchant
dull (as a knife)

émoussé
smooth

lisse
wet

mouillé
dry

sec
correct

juste
near

près
far

loin
right

droite

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