German 101

A vowel is shortened when followed by a double consonant.


A vowel is lengthened by a subsequent 'h', or by a double vowel, depending on the word. An exception is 'i', which is lengthened by a following 'e' or 'eh'.


Examples: the h in Hahn makes the a long; the aa in Haar is also long, the e in Tier makes the i long.

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