Indonesian 101

Indonesian Word List

The purpose of this list is to give a rough idea of the Indonesian language. The words listed below are not the most common Indonesian words, but a broad sampling of words. See the Word Lists page for more details.

English

Indonesian
(Bahasa Indonesia)
I

saya, aku
you (singular)

kamu, engkau
he

dia
we

kami *(exclusive)*, kita *(inclusive)*
you (plural)

kalian
they

mereka
this

ini
that

itu
here

di sini
there

di sana, situ
who

siapa
what

apa
where

di mana
when

kapan
how

bagaimana
not

bukan, tidak
all

semua
many

banyak
some

beberapa
few

sedikit
other

lain
one

satu
two

dua
three

tiga
four

empat
five

lima
big

besar
long

panjang
wide

lebar
thick

tebal
heavy

berat
small

kecil
short

pendek
narrow

sempit
thin

tipis
woman

perempuan, wanita
man (adult male)

lelaki (laki-laki), pria
man (human being)

manusia
child

anak
wife

istri
husband

suami
mother

ibu
father

ayah
animal

binatang
fish

ikan
bird

burung
dog

anjing
louse

kutu
snake

ular
worm

cacing
tree

pohon
forest

hutan
stick

ranting
fruit

buah
seed

biji
leaf

daun
root

akar
bark (of a tree)

kulit kayu
flower

bunga
grass

rumput
rope

tali
skin

kulit
meat

daging
blood

darah
bone

tulang
fat (noun)

lemak
egg

telur
horn

tanduk
tail

ekor
feather

bulu
hair

rambut
head

kepala
ear

telinga
eye

mata
nose

hidung
mouth

mulut
tooth

gigi
tongue (organ)

lidah
fingernail

kuku
foot

kaki
leg

telapak kaki
knee

lutut
hand

tangan
wing

sayap
belly

perut
guts

usus
neck

leher
back

punggung
breast

payudara
heart

jantung
liver

hati
to drink

minum (meminum)
to eat

makan (memakan)
to bite

gigit (menggigit)
to suck

hisap (menghisap)
to spit

ludah (meludah)
to vomit

muntah
to blow

tiup (meniup)
to breathe

nafas (bernafas)
to laugh

tawa (tertawa)
to see

lihat (melihat)
to hear

dengar (mendengar)
to know

tahu (mengetahui)
to think

pikir (berpikir)
to smell

cium (mencium)
to fear

takut
to sleep

tidur
to live

hidup
to die

mati
to kill

bunuh (membunuh)
to fight

kelahi (berkelahi)
to hunt

buru (berburu)
to hit

pukul (memukul)
to cut

potong (memotong)
to split

belah (membelah)
to stab

tusuk (menusuk)
to scratch

coret (mencoret)
to dig

gali (menggali)
to swim

renang (berenang)
to fly

terbang
to walk

jalan (berjalan)
to come

datang
to lie (as in a bed)

baring (berbaring)
to sit

duduk *(action, state)*
to stand

diri (berdiri) *(action, state)*
to turn (intransitive)

belok (berbelok)
to fall

jatuh
to give

beri (memberi)
to hold

pegang (memegang)
to squeeze

peras (memeras)
to rub

gosok (menggosok)
to wash

cuci (mencuci)
to wipe

hapus (menghapus)
to pull

tarik (menarik)
to push

dorong (mendorong)
to throw

lempar (melempar)
to tie

ikat (mengikat)
to sew

jahit (menjahit)
to count

hitung (menghitung)
to say

kata (berkata)
to sing

nyanyi (bernyanyi)
to play

main (bermain)
to float

apung (mengapung)
to flow

alir (mengalir)
to freeze

beku (membeku)
to swell

bengkak (membengkak)
sun

matahari
moon

bulan
star

bintang
water

air
rain

hujan
river

sungai
lake

danau
sea

laut
salt

garam
stone

batu
sand

pasir
dust

debu
earth

bumi
cloud

awan
fog

kabut
sky

langit
wind

angin
snow

salju
ice

es
smoke

asap
fire

api
ash

abu
to burn

bakar
road

jalan
mountain

gunung
red

merah
green

hijau
yellow

kuning
white

putih
black

hitam
night

malam
day

hari
year

tahun
warm

hangat
cold

dingin
full

penuh
new

baru
old

lama, tua
good

baik
bad

buruk
rotten

busuk
dirty

kotor
straight

lurus
round

bulat
sharp (as a knife)

tajam
dull (as a knife)

tumpul
smooth

licin
wet

basah
dry

kering
correct

betul
near

dekat
far

jauh
right

kanan

View other word lists here