Irish 101

Irish Word List

The purpose of this list is to give a rough idea of the Irish language. The words listed below are not the most common words, but a broad sampling of words. See the Word Lists page for more details.

English

Irish
(Gaeilge)
I

you (singular)

he

we

sinn
you (plural)

sibh
they

siad
this

seo
that

sin, siúd
here

anseo
there

ansin, ansiúd
who

cé *(interrogative)*
what

cad, céard *(interrogative)*
where

cá *(no movement, interrogative)*
when

cathain *(interrogative)*
how

conas, cén chaoi *(interrogative)*
not

all

uile
many

a lán
some

roinnt
few

beagán
other

eile
one

aon
two

three

trí
four

ceathair
five

cúig
big

mór
long

fada
wide

leathan
thick

tiubh
heavy

trom
small

beag
short

gearr
narrow

cúng
thin

tanaí
woman

bean
man (male)

fear
man (human)

duine
child

leanbh, páiste
wife

bean chéile
husband

fear céile
mother

máthair
father

athair
animal

ainmhí
fish

iasc
bird

éan
dog

madra
louse

míol cnis
snake

nathair
worm

péist
tree

crann
forest

coill
stick

bata
fruit

toradh
seed

síol
leaf

duilleog
root

fréamh
bark (of a tree)

rúsc
flower

bláth
grass

féar
rope

téad
skin

craiceann
meat

feoil
blood

fuil
bone

cnámh
fat (noun)

saill
egg

ubh
horn

adharc
tail

eireaball
feather

cleite
hair

gruaig
head

ceann
ear

cluas
eye

súil
nose

srón
mouth

béal
tooth

fiacail
tongue

teanga
fingernail

ionga
foot

cos
leg

cos
knee

glúin
hand

lámh
wing

sciathán
belly

bolg
guts

inní
neck

muineál
back

droim
breast

cíoch
heart

croí
liver

ae
to drink

ól
to eat

ith
to bite

bain greim as
to suck

súigh
to spit

caith seile
to vomit

aisig
to blow

séid
to breathe

análaigh
to laugh

déan gáire
to see

feic
to hear

cluin, clois
to know

a fhios a bheith agat
to think

smaoinigh
to smell

bolaigh
to fear

eagla a bheith ort
to sleep

codail
to live

mair
to die

faigh bás
to kill

maraigh
to fight

troid
to hunt

seilg
to hit

buail
to cut

gearr
to split

scoilt
to stab

rop
to scratch

tochais
to dig

tochail
to swim

snámh
to fly

eitil
to walk

siúil
to come

tar
to lie (as in a bed)

luigh *(state)*
to sit

suigh *(state)*
to stand

seas *(state)*
to turn (intransitive)

cas
to fall

tit
to give

tabhair
to hold

coinnigh
to squeeze

fáisc
to rub

cuimil
to wash

nigh
to wipe

cuimil
to pull

tarraing
to push

brúigh
to throw

caith
to tie

ceangail
to sew

fuaigh
to count

áirigh
to say

abair
to sing

can
to play

imir
to float

snámh
to flow

sruthaigh
to freeze

reoigh
to swell

at
sun

grian
moon

gealach
star

réalt
water

uisce
rain

báisteach
river

abhainn
lake

loch
sea

muir, farraige
salt

salann
stone

cloch
sand

gaineamh
dust

deannach
earth

cré
cloud

scamall, néal
fog

ceo
sky

spéir
wind

gaoth
snow

sneachta
ice

oighear
smoke

deatach
fire

tine
ash

luaith
to burn

dóigh
road

bóthar
mountain

sliabh
red

rua, dearg
green

glas, uaine
yellow

buí
white

bán
black

dubh
night

oíche
day

year

bliain
warm

te
cold

fuar
full

lán
new

nua
old

sean
good

maith
bad

olc, droch
rotten

lofa
dirty

salach
straight

díreach
round

cruinn
sharp (as a knife)

géar
dull (as a knife)

maol
smooth

mín
wet

fliuch
dry

tirim
correct

ceart
near

gar, dlúth
far

i bhfad

View other word lists here