Kirundi 101

Kirundi Word List

The purpose of this list is to give a rough idea of the Kirundi language. The words listed below are not the most common words, but a broad sampling of words. See the Word Lists page for more details.

English

Kirundi
I

jewe, jeho, je, nānje
you *(sing)*

wewe, weho
he

we, wewe
we

twebge, tweho
you *(pl)*

mwebge, mweho
they

ba-
this

uyu
that

uwo, urya, uriya, uno, wa, nya
here

aha, hano, ino, ngaha
there

aho, ngaho
who

nde?
what

iki?
where

hehe? he? aho
when

ryari? aho, iyo, ni
how

-te? uko, uku-ntu, ingene, ubugene
not

nta, ata, si
all

-ōse
many

-inshi
some

-mwe
few

-ke, -keya, -kenya
other

-ndi
one

-mwe
two

-biri, evyiri
three

-tatu, esheshatu
four

-ne, ennye
five

-tānu, eshānu
big

-nini
long

-re-re
wide

-gari
thick

-nini
heavy

ku-remēra, ku-riba
small

-to, -toya, -tonya, -toto
short

-gufi, -gufiya, -gufinya
narrow

gu-pfungānya
thin

-to, -to-to, -toya, -tonya
woman

umu-gore
man

umu-gabo
human

buntu
child

umw-āna
wife

muka
husband

umu-gabo, umu-gēnzi
mother

māma, māwe
father

dāta, dāwe
animal

kw-ūhīra
fish

i-fi
bird

iki-guruka, in-yoni *(little ones)*
dog

im-bwa
louse

in-da
snake

in-zoka
worm

in-zoka, igi-kogoshi *(earthworm)*, igi-kāngaga *(tapeworm)*
tree

igi-ti
forest

iki-bira
stick

igi-ti
fruit

ic-āmwa, imbuto
seed

im-buto, uru-tete
leaf

i-babi, iki-babi
root

umu-zi, igi-shitsi
bark *(tree)*

igi-shishwa
flower

i-shurwe
grass

ivy-ātsi, ubg-ātsi
rope

in-goyi, umu-gozi, umu-zana
skin

uru-hu, uru-koba, uru-sāto
meat

iny-āma
blood

amaraso
bone

i-gufa
fat *(n.)*

i-tōto, ibi-mure *(meat)*
egg

iri-gi, i-gi
horn

i-hēmbe
tail

umu-rīzo
feather

i-ryōya
hair

umu-shatsi
head

umu-twe
ear

ugu-twi
eye

i-jīsho
nose

i-zūru, i-tonde
mouth

aka-nwa
tooth

i-ryīnyo
tongue

uru-rimi
fingernail

urw-āra
foot

iki-rēnge
leg

uku-guru
knee

i-vi
hand

iki-ganza
wing

i-baba
belly

in-da
guts

ama-ra *(intestines)*
neck

i-sozi
back

umu-gōngo
breast

i-bere
heart

umu-tima
liver

igi-tigu
to drink

ku-nywa
to eat

ku-rya
to bite

gu-shikura
to suck

ku-nūnuza
to spit

gu-cīra
to vomit

ku-ruka
to blow

gu-hūha, gu-hūngabanya
to breathe

gu-hēma, gu-humēka
to laugh

gu-twēnga, gu-sekaseka
to see

ku-bona
to hear

kw-ūmva
to know

ku-menya, -zi, ku-zirikana
to think

kw-īyumvīra, gu-cīra, ku-gira, kw-īkēkāko, kw-īrimbūra
to smell

kw-īnukiriza, kw-ūmva, kw-ūmviriza, kw-īmōtereza
to fear

gu-tīnya
to sleep

gu-sinzīra
to live

ku-ba, ku-baho, gu-hēma
to die

gu-pfa, gu-hwēra
to kill

kw-īca
to fight

ku-rwānya
to hunt

gu-hīga
to hit

gu-kubita
to cut

gu-ca
to split

ku-rara, gu-tānya
to scratch

gu-kūba
to dig

kw-īmba, ku-rima
to swim

kw-ōga
to fly

ku-guruka
to walk

ku-gēnda
to come

ku-za
to lie *(bed)*

ku-ryāma
to sit

kw-īcara
to stand

gu-hagarara
to turn

gu-hindukiza
to fall

ku-gwa
to give

gu-ha, gu-hēsha, gu-tānga
to hold

gu-fata
to squeeze

gu-kānya
to rub

gu-hungura, gu-sīga *(anoint)*, gu-hofōra *(eyes)*
to wash

kw-ōza
to wipe

ku-myīra, gu-heha
to pull

gu-kwēga, gu-shikura, gu-kurira
to push

gu-sunika
to throw

gu-ta, gu-tēra
to tie

ku-boha, gu-hāmbīra
to sew

ku-barīra, gu-sona *(
to count

gu-harūra
to say

ku-bara, ku-vuga, -ti
to sing

ku-rirīmba
to play

gu-kina
to float

ku-reremba
to flow

gu-tēmba
to swell

ku-vyīmba, ku-bōmboka
sun

i-zūba
moon

ukw-ēzi
star

uru-nyenyēri, i-nyenyēri
water

ama-zi
rain

im-vura
river

ur-ūzi
lake

iki-yaga, i-tanganyika
sea

iki-yaga
salt

umu-nyu
stone

i-buye
sand

umu-sēnyi
dust

umu-kungugu
earth

i-si, aga-taka, i-vu
cloud

igi-cu
fog

igi-pfūngu
sky

iki-rēre, i-juru
wind

umu-yaga
snow

uru-bura *(hail)*
smoke

umw-ōtsi
fire

umu-riro
ash

umu-nyota
to burn

gu-sha
road

i-barabara, umu-haruro, i-rāngo
mountain

umu-sozi
red

gu-tukura
green

aka-ātsi gatoto
yellow

umu-hōndo, umu-gina, umu-tugutu
white

cera
black

umu-fyīri
night

i-joro
day

umu-si
year

umw-āka
warm

-ōta
cold

-bisi
full

-ūzura
new

-sha, -shasha
old

-kuru, -sāza
good

-īza
bad

-bi
rotten

-bora, -boza
dirty

-humāna
straight

-gororoka
round

-burūngu
sharp *(knife)*

-kariha
blunt *(knife)*

-fyīta, -pfūha *(dull)*
smooth

-rēmba
wet

-bisi
dry

-ūma
correct

-koshōra, -īhana
near

hāfi
far

kure
right

-ryo

View other word lists here