Kurdish 101

Kurdish Word List

The purpose of this list is to give a rough idea of the Kurdish language. The words listed below are not the most common words, but a broad sampling of words. See the Word Lists page for more details.

English

Kurdish
Kurdi كوردى
I

ez, min
you (singular)

tu, to
he

ev(w)
we

êm-e
you (plural)

ê-we, hîn, engo
they

e-wan-e
this

em(v)-e
that

ew
here

êre, vir
there

ewê
who

kê(î)
what

çî(i)
where

kwê, kêrê
when

kengi, (key)
how

çewan, çon
not

na, ne
all

xirr, pirrani, gişt, (hemu)
many

zor, mişe, zaf
some

hindek
few

pîçek
other

din, dî, tir, ke
one

y-êk
two

du
three

four

çar, çwar
five

pênc
big

gewre, mezin
long

dirêj
wide

berîn
thick

e-stur
heavy

qurs, gran
small

bçîk, çikole
short

kurt, qule
narrow

barîk, zirav, narîn
thin

tenik, tesik
woman

jin
man (male)

pîaw, mêr
man (human)

mirov
child

zaro-k, mindal
wife

jin, xêzan
husband

mêr-d
mother

dayk
father

bav(w)-k
animal

ajel, huvî
fish

masî
bird

çîvanok, kêjule, mel
dog

kuti, gemall (se-g)
louse

qêç, espî
snake

mar
worm

kirm
tree

dar
forest

lêrr, darstan
stick

gopal, têlla
fruit

fêqîh, terre
seed

danewêlle, dank
leaf

pelk, gella
root

reh, nêrk, çîl
bark (of a tree)

tukl, (berg)
flower

kulilk, (gull)
grass

gîa
rope

pet-k, gurîs, kndir,
skin

kewl, (pêst)
meat

goşt
blood

zux, (xwîn)
bone

pêşe, (h-êsik)
fat (noun)

bez
egg

êk, hêlke, (xaye)
horn

stro, qoç, (şax)
tail

kilk, (duv)
feather

perr, perremuç
hair

pirç, port
head

ser, pope
ear

guh, gwê
eye

çav(w)
nose

difn, lut, kep
mouth

dev(m)
tooth

diran, didan
tongue

zar, ziman
fingernail

nînok
foot

qul, (pê)
leg

laq, qaç
knee

çok, ejno
hand

pel, lip (dest)
wing

bal
belly

nêk, sik
guts

henav(w), wirg
neck

hevk, mil
back

pişt
breast

berok, (sîng)
heart

dil
liver

cerg, kezeb
to drink

vexar, xwarewe
to eat

xar, xwardî
to bite

gezî
to suck

mijî, mishtî
to spit

tifand, helawêşt
to vomit

helawêşt, rişawe
to blow

helda, frêda
to breathe

henaseda, bêhnda
to laugh

keni, pêkeni
to see

dît
to hear

bîst
to know

zanî
to think

bîr, (fikrî)
to smell

bon kird
to fear

tirsa, toqî
to sleep

nust, xewt
to live

jîa
to die

mird
to kill

qirr, (kuşt)
to fight

şer kird
to hunt

raw kird
to hit

lê da
to cut

qirta, qut kir
to split

let kird
to stab

engawt
to scratch

ruçinand
to dig

kolî, kêla
to swim

mele kird
to fly

firrî
to walk

meşîa, pîase kird
to come

hat
to lie (as in a bed)

raza
to sit

danîşt
to stand

hesta, westyîa
to turn (intransitive)

zivrrî, surawe
to fall

keft
to give

da,
to hold

girt
to squeeze

quşî
to rub

glofî, firkand, perxand, germrand
to wash

şord, şuşt
to wipe

malî, sirrîewe
to pull

rakêşa
to push

pal da
to throw

helda, havêşt
to tie

şetek da, (best)
to sew

durî
to count

jimard, hejmard
to say

got, bejî, wut, elê
to sing

çirrî, sitra
to play

leîzî, yarî kird
to float

serav bu
to flow

rîja
to freeze

tezî, sirr bu
to swell

bel bu, penma
sun

roj, xor
moon

mang, heîv
star

e-stêr-e
water

av(w)
rain

weşt, (baran)
river

çom, çem, rubar
lake

gom
sea

zerîa
salt

xwê
stone

berd, kevir
sand

zîx, lim
dust

toz, xol
earth

erd, zev(w)î
cloud

h-ev(w)ir
fog

tem , muj
sky

asman
wind

ba
snow

befr, werf
ice

sehol
smoke

dukel
fire

agir
ash

xolemêş, xoli
to burn

suta, sot
road

rê, rêge
mountain

çîa, şax
red

sor
green

kesk, (sewz)
yellow

zer-d
white

çermu, (spî)
black

reş
night

şev(w)
day

roj
year

sal
warm

germ
cold

çayig, (sar-d)
full

tije, (pirr)
new

old

kevn, kon
good

baş
bad

bed
rotten

rizî
dirty

pîs
straight

rêk
round

xirr
sharp (as a knife)

tîj
dull (as a knife)

ku-l
smooth

lus
wet

şil (terr)
dry

zuha, (hîşk, wuşk)
correct

drust
near

nizîk
far

dur, duir
right

and, (rast)

View other word lists here