Latin 101

Latin Word List

The purpose of this list is to give a rough idea of the Latin language. The words listed below are not the most common words, but a broad sampling of words. See the Word Lists page for more details.

English

Latin
(latīna)
I

ego
you (singular)

he

ille (m.), illa (f.), illud (n.)
we

nōs
you (plural)

vōs
they

illī (m.), illae (f.), illa (n.)
this

hic (m.), haec (f.), hoc (n.)
that

ille (m.), illa (f.), illud (n.)
here

hīc
there

illic, ibi
who

quis (m.), quae (f.)
what

quid
where

ubi
when

cum
how

quōmodō
not

nōn, nē
all

omnēs (mf.), omnia (n.)
many

multī (m.), multae (f.), multa (n.)
some

aliquī (m.), aliqua (f.), aliquod (n.)
few

paucī (m.), paucae (f.), pauca (n.)
other

alter, alius
one

ūnus
two

duō
three

trēs
four

quattuor
five

quīnque
big

magnus
long

longus
wide

lātus
thick

crassus
heavy

gravis
small

parvus
short

brevis
narrow

angustus
thin

gracilis
woman

fēmina
man (adult male)

vir
man (human being)

homō
child

puer
wife

uxor, mulier
husband

maritus
mother

māter
father

pāter
animal

animal
fish

piscis
bird

avis
dog

cānis
louse

pediculus
snake

serpens
worm

vermis
tree

arbor
forest

silva
stick

hasta, palus
fruit

fructus
seed

semen
leaf

folium
root

rādix
bark (of a tree)

cortex
flower

flōs
grass

herba
rope

chorda
skin

cutis
meat

carnis
blood

sanguis
bone

os
fat (noun)

pinguāmen
egg

ovum
horn

cornu
tail

cauda
feather

penna
hair

pilus
head

caput
ear

auris
eye

oculus
nose

nasus, naris
mouth

ōs
tooth

dens
tongue (organ)

lingua
fingernail

unguis
foot

pes
leg

crus
knee

genu
hand

mānus
wing

ala
belly

venter, abdomen
guts

viscera
neck

cervix
back

dorsum
breast

mamma
heart

cor
liver

iecur
to drink

bībere
to eat

edere
to bite

mordēre
to suck

sūgere
to spit

spuere
to vomit

vomere
to blow

īnflāre
to breathe

respīrāre
to laugh

ridēre
to see

vidēre
to hear

audīre
to know

scīre
to think

cogitāre, putāre, existimāre
to smell

olfacere
to fear

timēre
to sleep

dormīre
to live

vīvere
to die

morīri
to kill

necāre
to fight

luctāre
to hunt

venāri
to hit

pellere
to cut

secāre
to split

dīvidere
to stab

pungere
to scratch

scabere
to dig

fodīre
to swim

nāre, natāre
to fly

volāre
to walk

ambulāre
to come

venīre
to lie (as in a bed)

cubāre
to sit

sedēre
to stand

stāre
to turn (intransitive)

vertīre
to fall

cadere
to give

dāre
to hold

tenēre
to squeeze

exprimere
to rub

fricāre
to wash

lavāre
to wipe

tergēre
to pull

trahere
to push

pellere
to throw

iacere
to tie

ligāre
to sew

sēmināre
to count

computāre, numerāre
to say

dīcere
to sing

canere
to play

ludere
to float

fluctuāre
to flow

fluere
to freeze

gelāre
to swell

augēre
sun

sol
moon

luna
star

stella
water

aqua
rain

pluvia
river

flumen, fluvius, amnis
lake

lacus
sea

mare
salt

sal
stone

saxum, lapis, petra
sand

harena
dust

pulvis
earth

humus, terra, ager
cloud

nubes, nebula
fog

cālīgō, nebula, tenebrae
sky

caelum
wind

ventus
snow

nix
ice

gelu
smoke

fumus
fire

ignis
ash

cinis
to burn

urere, flammāre
road

via
mountain

mons
red

ruber, rufus
green

viridis
yellow

croceus
white

albus, candidus
black

ater, niger
night

nox
day

dies
year

annus
warm

calidus
cold

frigidus
full

plenus
new

novus
old

vetus
good

bonus
bad

malus
rotten

putridus
dirty

immundus
straight

rectus
round

rotundus
sharp (as a knife)

acutus
smooth

suavis
wet

humidus, aqueus
dry

siccus
correct

rectus
near

propinquus, proximus
far

longus
right

dexter

View other word lists here