Malay 101

Malay Word List

The purpose of this list is to give a rough idea of the Malay language. The words listed below are not the most common Malay words, but a broad sampling of words. See the Word Lists page for more details.

English

Malay
(Bahasa Malaysia)
I

aku
ku
saya
sahaya
hamba
beta (royal term)
you (singular)

engkau
kamu
awak
anda
dikau (poetic)
saudara m / saudari f
he

dia / ia
nya
we

kita (inclusive)
kami (exclusive)
you (plural)

kamu
kalian
engkau
anda
saudara-saudari n / saudara m / saudari f
they

mereka
dia orang (informal)
this

ini
that

itu
here

sini
there

situ
sana
who

siapa
what

apa
where

mana
when

bila
apabila
kapan
how

bagaimana
macam mana
not

tidak
bukan
all

semua
segala
many

banyak
some

beberapa
few

sedikit
other

lain
one

satu
esa
two

dua
three

tiga
telu
four

empat
five

lima
big

besar
raya
long

panjang
wide

lebar
thick

tebal
heavy

berat
small

kecil
short

pendek
narrow

sempit
thin

nipis / tipis
woman

perempuan
man (adult male)

lelaki
laki-laki
man (human being)

orang
child

anak (offspring)
kanak-kanak (sub-adult)
wife

isteri
husband

suami
mother

ibu
ibunda (formal)
emak
induk
ina
father

bapa
ayahanda (formal)
ayah
rama
animal

binatang
haiwan
fish

ikan
bird

burung
dog

anjing
asu
kuyuk
louse

kutu
snake

ular
worm

cacing
tree

pokok
pohon
forest

hutan
rimba
stick

batang
fruit

buah
seed

benih
biji
leaf

daun
root

akar
bark (of a tree)

kulit kayu
flower

bunga
grass

rumput
rope

tali
skin

kulit
meat

daging
blood

darah
bone

tulang
fat (noun)

lemak
egg

telur
horn

tanduk
tail

ekor
feather

bulu
hair

rambut (head-hair)
bulu (body-hair)
head

kepala
hulu
ear

telinga
eye

mata
nose

hidung
mouth

mulut
tooth

gigi
tongue (organ)

lidah
fingernail

kuku
foot

kaki
leg

kaki
knee

lutut
tuhut (Brunei)
hand

tangan
wing

sayap
kepak
belly

perut
guts

usus
neck

leher
back

punggung
belakang
breast

payudara
titik
heart

jantung
liver

hati
to drink

minum
to eat

makan
to bite

gigit
to suck

hisap
to spit

ludah
to vomit

muntah
to blow

tiup / meniup
to breathe

nafas
hirup
to laugh

ketawa
to see

lihat
tengok
to hear

dengar
to know

tahu
to think

fikir
to smell

bau
cium
hidu
to fear

takut
to sleep

tidur
to live

hidup
to die

mati
meninggal (dunia) (euphemism "pass away")
mangkat (royal term)
to kill

bunuh
to fight

lawan
to hunt

buru
to hit

pukul
to cut

potong
to split

belah
to stab

tikam
to scratch

garu
to dig

gali
korek
to swim

renang
to fly

terbang
to walk

jalan
to come

datang
to lie (as in a bed)

baring
to sit

duduk
to stand

diri
to turn (intransitive)

belok
pusing
putar
to fall

jatuh
to give

beri
bagi
to hold

pegang
to squeeze

perah
to rub

gosok
to wash

cuci
to wipe

lap
to pull

tarik
to push

tolak
to throw

baling
campak
lempar
lontar
to tie

ikat
to sew

jahit
to count

kira
hitung
bilang
to say

kata
cakap
ucap
tutur
to sing

nyanyi
to play

main
to float

apung
to flow

alur / alir / salur / salir
to freeze

beku
to swell

bengkak
sun

matahari
moon

bulan
cendera
star

bintang
water

air
rain

hujan
river

sungai
batang
lake

tasik
danau
sea

laut
salt

garam
stone

batu
sand

pasir
dust

habuk
debu
earth

tanah (soil)
bumi (world)
cloud

awan
fog

kabus
sky

langit
wind

angin
snow

salji
thalji
ice

air batu
air beku
ais
smoke

asap
fire

api
ash

abu
to burn

bakar
road

jalan
mountain

gunung
red

merah
green

hijau
yellow

kuning
white

putih
black

hitam
night

malam
day

siang (daytime)
hari (24 hours)
year

tahun
warm

panas
hangat
cold

sejuk
full

penuh
new

baharu
old

lama
tua (life-age)
good

baik
bagus
bad

buruk
teruk
rotten

busuk
dirty

kotor
kumuh
straight

lurus
round

bulat
sharp (as a knife)

tajam
dull (as a knife)

tumpul
smooth

licin
wet

basah
dry

kering
correct

betul
near

dekat
hampir
far

jauh
right

kanan

View other word lists here