Norwegian 101

Norwegian Word List

The purpose of this list is to give a rough idea of the Norwegian language. The words listed below are not the most common Norwegian words, but a broad sampling of words. See the Word Lists page for more details.

English

Norwegian (bokmål)
I

jeg
you
(singular)
thou (archaic)

du, De (formal)
he

han
we

vi
you (plural)

dere, De (formal)
they

de
this

denne, dette, disse (plural)
that

den, det
here

her
there

der
who

hvem
what

hva
where

hvor
when

når
how

hvordan, åssen
not

ikke, ei
all

alt, alle, all
many (fele)

mange
some

noe
few

other

annet, annen, andre (plural)
one

ett, en, ei
two

to
three

tre
four

fire
five

fem
big, (great)

stor
long

lang
wide (broad)

bred, brei, vid
thick

tykk, tjukk
heavy

tung
small (little)

liten, lille (definite), små (plural)
short

kort, stutt
narrow

smal, trang
thin

tynn
woman

kvinne, kvinnfolk
man
(adult male)

mann, kar
man
(human being)

menneske
child
(a youth)

barn, unge
wife

kone, hustru, viv (poetic)
husband

mann, husbond (archaic)
mother

mor, moder (poetic), mamma
father

far, fader (poetic), pappa
animal (beast)

dyr
fish

fisk
bird (fowl)

fugl
dog (hound)

hund
louse

lus
snake

orm, slange
worm

mark, orm
tree (beam)

tre
forest

skog, skau
stick
(of wood)

pinne, kjepp, kvist
fruit

frukt
seed

frø, sæd (sperm)
leaf (blade)

blad, løv, lauv
root

rot
bark
(of tree)

bark, never (bark of birch)
flower

blomst
grass

gress, gras
rope

rep, tau
skin (hide)

hud, skinn (animal skin)
meat
(as in flesh)

kjøtt
blood

blod
bone

bein
fat
(noun)

fett
egg

egg
horn

horn
tail

hale, svans
feather
(rather not down)

fjær, fjør
hair

hår
head

hode, hue
ear

øre
eye

øye
nose

nese
mouth

munn
tooth
(rather not molar)

tann
tongue

tunge
fingernail

negl
foot

fot
leg

bein, legg (shin)
knee

kne
hand

hånd, hand
wing

vinge
belly

mage, buk
guts

innvoller
neck

nakke (back), hals (front)
back (ridge)

rygg, bak (rare)
breast

bryst
heart

hjerte
liver

lever
to drink

drikke
to eat

spise, ete
to bite

bite
to suck

suge
to spit

spytte
to vomit

spy, kaste opp
to blow
(as wind)

blåse
to breathe

puste, ånde
to laugh

le
to see

se
to hear

høre
to know

vite
to think

tenke
to smell
(sense odor)

lukte
to fear

frykte, være redd for
to sleep

sove
to live

leve
to die

to kill

drepe
to fight
(physically)

slåss
to hunt
(transitive)

jakte, jage
to hit

slå
to cut

skjære, kutte
to split

dele, kløyve, skille
to stab
(or stick)

stikke
to scratch
(an itch)

klø, klore (inflict pain)
to dig

grave
to swim

svømme
to fly

fly
to walk

to come

komme
to lie
(as on one's side)

ligge
to sit

sitte
to stand

stå
to turn
(change direction)

snu, vende
to fall
(as in drop)

falle, dette
to give

gi
to hold
(in one's hand)

holde
to squeeze

klemme, presse, trykke
to rub

gni, gnu
to wash

vaske
to wipe

tørke
to pull (drag)

dra, trekke
to push

dytte, skyve
to throw (cast)

kaste, slenge, hive
to tie (bind)

binde, knyte
to sew

sy
to count

telle
to say

si
to sing

synge
to play

leke, leike
to float

flyte
to flow

flomme, renne, strømme, flyte
to freeze

fryse
to swell

hovne, svulme, svelle
sun

sol
moon

måne
star

stjerne
water

vann
to rain

regne
river

elv
lake

innsjø, vann, tjern
sea
(as in ocean)

hav, sjø
salt

salt
stone

stein, sten
sand

sand
dust

støv, bøss
earth
(as in soil)

jord
cloud

sky
fog

tåke
sky

himmel
wind
(as in breeze)

vind
snow

snø
ice

is
smoke

røyk
fire

ild
ash

aske
to burn
(intransitive)

brenne
road

vei
mountain

fjell
red

rød
green

grønn
yellow

gul
white

hvit
black (swart)

svart
night

natt
day
(daytime)

dag
year

år
warm
(as in weather)

varm (hot), lun (warm)
cold
(as in weather)

kald
full

full
new

ny
old

gammel, gammal
good

god, bra
bad

ille, vond, dårlig
rotten
(as a log)

råtten
dirty

skitten
straight

rett
round

rund
sharp
(as a knife)

skarp
dull
(as a knife)

sløv
smooth

jevn, slett, glatt
wet

våt, bløt
dry
(adjective)

tørr
correct

rett, riktig
near

nær, nærme, nære
far

langt
right
(side)

høyre
left
(side)

venstre
at

hos, på
in

i
with

med
and

og
if

hvis, om
because

fordi, på grunn av at
name

navn

View other word lists here