Portuguese 101

b
like 'b' in "bed"
c
like 'k' in "kid"
ce, ci
like 's' in "supper"
ç
like "enforceable" Often used before vowels a, o, u and sometimes ão to get the soft "c" sound. The mark below the letter "c" is called a cedilla.
d
like 'd' in "dog." In Carioca (Rio) dialect, like something between English dz and j when followed by e, i, and ão.
f
like 'f' in "father"
g
like "garage"
ge, gi
like 'j' in "journal". (Between English "j" and "zh" sound.) Note that this is completely different from Spanish.
h
silent (like in the Spanish language). See r and rr for the English "h" sound.
j
like 'j' in "journal". (Between English "j" and "zh" sound.) Note this is completely different from Spanish.
(k)
Found only in words of foreign orgin, so pronounce accordingly. (Not part of Portuguese alphabet.) See letters c and q for the English "k" sound.
l
like 'l' in "love"
m...
like 'm' in "mother"
...m
Nasalizes the preceding vowel, and is dropped at the end of a word (in Luso dialect). In Brazil, has an n sound at the end of a word.
n
like nice. Nasalizes the preceding vowel and is silent when followed by a consonant.
p
like 'p' in "pig"
q
like "unique". Qu is usually followed by e or i as a way to get the k sound.
r…
like 'h' in "help" Note this is completely different from Spanish.
...r
like 'r' in "morning"
s
like hiss, haze, or (in Luso dialect) sure
t
like 't' in "top"
te, ti
like 'ch' in "peachy" (Brazil only)
v
like 'v' in "victory"
(w)
Found only in words of foreign orgin, so pronounce accordingly. (Not part of Portuguese alphabet.)
x
like "box," "examine," or "shoe"
(y)
Found only in words of foreign orgin, so pronounce accordingly. (Not part of Portuguese alphabet.) The digraph lh produces the English consonant "y" sound. (see Common digraphs below)
z
like 'z' in "haze," or in Luso like "measure"

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