Romanian 101

now
acum (ah-COOM)
later
mai târziu (muy teer-ZYOO)
before
înainte de (oon-INE-teh-deh)
morning
dimineață
afternoon
dupa amiaza (DOO-puh ah-MYA-zuh)
evening
seara (SA-rah)
night
noapte (NWHOP-tay)

Clock

Although 12-hour clocks are common in Romania, time is almost always stated according to the 24-hour clock.
one o'clock AM
ora unu (OHR-ah OO-noo)
two o'clock AM
ora doua (OHR-ah DOE-ah)
noon
prânz (proohnz)
one o'clock PM
treisprezece ore (TRAY-spreh-zeh-cheh ORH-eh)
two o'clock PM
patrusprezece ore (PAH-troo-spreh-zeh-cheh ORH-eh)
midnight
miezul noptii (mee-EZ-ool NOP-tzee)
at noon
la prânz (la PROOHNZ)
Note: Normally, to say "at" a time, one precedes the time of day with "la"

one o'clock PM
la treisprezece ore (la TRAY-spreh-zeh-cheh ORH-eh) - often, you'll find "la unu dupa amiaza" (la OO-noo DOO-pah ah-MEEAH-zuh) used instead
at midnight
la miezul noptii (laj mee-EZ-ool NWHOP-tzee)

Duration

one minute
un minut (oon meen-OOT)
_____ minutes
_____ minute (_____ meen-OOT-ay)
one hour
o ora (OH OHR-ah)
_____ hours
_____ ore (OHR-eh)
one day
o zi (OH ZEE)
_____ days
_____ zile (_____ ZEE-leh)
one week
o saptamâna (OH suhpt-uh-MOOH-nuh)
_____ weeks
_____ saptamâni (_____ suhpt-uh-MOOHN)
one month
o luna (OH LOO-nuh)
_____ months
_____ luni (LOON-ee; the last syllable almost vanishes)
one year
un an (oon AHN)
_____ years
_____ ani (AHN-ee; the last syllable almost vanishes)
Note: For all of the above, the correct, literary way to express duration is by saying una ora, una ziua, una saptamâna... instead of o ora, o ziua, o saptamâna, but this is never really used in speech, even if the context is very formal. Therefore, it is much easier to learn that o is used to express one or a in the case of minute, hour, month, etc, not una. This is because all of these nouns are feminine. With year, which is masculine, un is used (as in, un an - one year).

Days

today
astazi(ast-AHZ)
yesterday
ieri (yehr)
tomorrow
mâine (MUY-neh)
this week
saptamâna asta (sehp-teh-MUHN-a AHS-tah)
last week
saptamâna trecuta (sehp-teh-MUHN-a treh-COOT-a)
next week
saptamâna viitoare (sehp-teh-MUHN-a vee-toe-A-reh - no real English pronunciation equivalent)
Sunday
duminica (doo-MEEN-ee-ka)
Monday
luni (loohn)
Tuesday
marti (mahrtz)
Wednesday
miercuri (mee-EHR-coor)
Thursday
joi (zhoy)
Friday
vineri (vee-NEHR)
Saturday
Sâmbata (SUHM-bah-tah)

Months

January
ianuarie (YA-nooh-AH-ree-eh)
February
februarie (FEB-ru-AH-ree-eh)
March
martie (MAR-tee-eh)
April
aprilie (ah-PRIL-ee-eh)
May
mai (my)
June
iunie (YOO-nee-eh)
July
iulie (YOO-lee-eh)
August
august (ow-GOOST)
September
septembrie (sehpt-EHM-bree-eh)
October
octombrie (oct-OHM-bree-eh)
November
noiembrie (noi-EHM-bree-eh)
December
decembrie (detch-EHM-bree-eh)

Writing Time & Date

16 Ian 2004 3:30 (or 16 ianuarie 2004 3:30).
The date may also be written 16/01/04 or 16-01-04.
1 Aug 2004 20:00 (or 1 august 2004 20:00).
The date may also be written 01/08/04 or 01-08-04.
Note: The first day of the month is called întâi (oon-tooee) not one. For example the first of August is întâi August.

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