Somali 101

Somali Word List

The purpose of this list is to give a rough idea of the Somali language. The words listed below are not the most common words, but a broad sampling of words. See the Word Lists page for more details.

English

Somali
(Af-Soomaali)
I

aniga
you (singular)

adiga
he

asaga
we

anaga
you (plural)

idinka
they

ayaga
this

-kan
that

-kaas
here

inta
there

xaggaas
who

yaa
kee
what

maxaa
where

xaggee
when

markee
how

see
not

ma-
all

dan
many

badan
some

xoogaa
few

wax yer
other

kale
one

kow
hal
two

labo
three

sadex
four

afar
five

shan
big

weyn
long

dheer
wide

balaar
heavy

culeys
small

yar
short

gaaban
narrow

ciriiri
thin

caato
woman

naag
man (adult male)

nin
man (human being)

beni adam
child

cunug
wife

naag
husband

nin
mother

hooyo
father

aabo
animal

xoolo
fish

malay
bird

shimbir
dog

ay
louse

cinjir
snake

mas
tree

geed
forest

duur
stick

ul
fruit

miro
furuut
seed

miro
leaf

caleen
bark (of a tree)

qolfo
flower

ubax
grass

caws
rope

xarig
skin

jir
meat

hilib
blood

diig
bone

laf
fat (noun)

baruur
egg

ukun
horn

gees
tail

seyn
feather

baal
hair

timo
head

madax
ear

deg
eye

il
nose

san
mouth

af
tooth

ilig
tongue (organ)

carab
fingernail

ciddi
foot

cag
leg

lug
knee

jilib
hand

gacan
wing

baal
belly

calool
neck

duun
back

dabar
breast

xabad
heart

wadno
galb
liver

beer
to drink

cab
to eat

cun
to bite

qaniin
to suck

nuug
to spit

tuf
to vomit

matag
to blow

afuuf
to breathe

neefsan
to laugh

qosol
to see

arkid
to hear

maqlid
to know

ogaan
to think

fakarid
to smell

urin
to fear

baqid or baqdin
to sleep

hurdo
to live

noolaan
to die

diman
to kill

dilid
to fight

dagaal
to hit

ku dufan
to cut

jari
to split

qaybin
to stab

toogan
to scratch

xagan
to dig

qodid
to swim

dabaalan
to fly

duulid
to walk

socod
to come

imaan
to lie (as in a bed)

jiifsan
to sit

fariisan
to stand

staagin
to turn (intransitive)

leexan
to fall

daci
to give

siin
to hold

hay
to rub

marin
to wash

dhiqid
to wipe

tirtirid
to pull

jiidid
to push

riixi
to throw

tuuris
to tie

xirid
to sew

tolid
to count

tirin
to say

sheegid
to sing

heesid
to play

ciyaarid
to flow

soocan
to swell

barar
sun

qorrax
cadceedeed
moon

dayax
star

xiddig
water

biyo
rain

roob
river

webi
sea

bad
salt

cusbo
stone

dagax
dust

bus
earth

caro
cloud

daruur
cadhar
sky

cir
samo
wind

dabayl
snow

baraf
ice

baraf
smoke

qiiq
fire

dab
ash

danbas
to burn

gubid
road

jid
mountain

buur
red

gaduud
casaan
green

cagaar
yellow

huruud
jaale
white

cadaan
black

madow
night

habeen
day

maalin
year

sanad
warm

dugsi
cold

qabow
full

buux
new

cusayb
old

duug
good

fiican
bad

xun
rotten

balal
dirty

wasakh
straight

toos
wet

qoyaan
dry

qalaayl
correct

sax
near

dhow
far

fog
right

midig

View other word lists here