Spanish 101

Spanish Word List

The purpose of this list is to give a rough idea of the Spanish language. The words listed below are not the most common Spanish words, but a broad sampling of words. See the Word Lists page for more details.

English

Spanish
español (castellano)
I

yo
you (singular)

tú, usted *(formal)*
he

él
we

nosotros
you (plural)

vosotros, ustedes *(formal)*
they

ellos
this

este
that

ese, aquel
here

aquí, acá
there

ahí
who

quien
what

que
where

donde
when

cuando
how

como
not

no
all

todo
many

muchos
some

algunos
few

poco
other

otro
one

uno
two

dos
three

tres
four

cuatro
five

cinco
big

grande
long

largo
wide

ancho
thick

gordo
heavy

pesado
small

pequeño
short

corto
narrow

estrecho
thin

delgado, flaco
woman

mujer
man (male)

hombre
man (human)

hombre
child

niño
wife

esposa, mujer
husband

esposo, marido
mother

madre
father

padre
animal

animal
fish

pez, pescado
bird

pájaro
dog

perro
louse

piojo
snake

serpiente
worm

gusano
tree

árbol
forest

bosque
stick

palo
fruit

fruta
seed

semilla
leaf

hoja
root

raíz
bark (of a tree)

corteza
flower

flor
grass

hierba
rope

cuerda
skin

piel
meat

carne
blood

sangre
bone

hueso
fat (noun)

grasa
egg

huevo
horn

cuerno
tail

cola
feather

pluma
hair

cabello
head

cabeza
ear

oreja
eye

ojo
nose

nariz
mouth

boca
tooth

diente
tongue

lengua
fingernail

uña
foot

pie
leg

pierna
knee

rodilla
hand

mano
wing

ala
belly

barriga
guts

tripas
neck

cuello
back

espalda
breast

pecho
heart

corazón
liver

hígado
to drink

beber
to eat

comer
to bite

morder
to suck

chupar
to spit

escupir
to vomit

vomitar
to blow

soplar
to breathe

respirar
to laugh

reír
to see

ver
to hear

oír
to know

saber
to think

pensar
to smell

oler
to fear

temer
to sleep

dormir
to live

vivir
to die

morir
to kill

matar
to fight

pelear
to hunt

cazar
to hit

golpear
to cut

cortar
to split

partir
to stab

apuñalar
to scratch

arañar, rascar
to dig

cavar
to swim

nadar
to fly

volar
to walk

caminar
to come

venir
to lie (as in a bed)

echarse *(action)*
to sit

sentarse *(action)*
to stand

levantarse *(action)*, estar de pie *(state)*
to turn (intransitive)

girar
to fall

caer
to give

dar
to hold

tener
to squeeze

apretar
to rub

frotar
to wash

lavar
to wipe

limpiar
to pull

tirar de, jalar
to push

empujar
to throw

tirar
to tie

atar
to sew

coser
to count

contar
to say

decir
to sing

cantar
to play

jugar
to float

flotar
to flow

fluir
to freeze

helar
to swell

hincharse
sun

sol
moon

luna
star

estrella
water

agua
rain

lluvia
river

río
lake

lago
sea

mar
salt

sal
stone

piedra
sand

arena
dust

polvo
earth

tierra
cloud

nube
fog

niebla
sky

cielo
wind

viento
snow

nieve
ice

hielo
smoke

humo
fire

fuego
ash

cenizas
to burn

quemar
road

camino
mountain

montaña
red

rojo
green

verde
yellow

amarillo
white

blanco
black

negro
night

noche
day

día
year

año
warm

cálido
cold

frío
full

lleno
new

nuevo
old

viejo
good

bueno
bad

malo
rotten

podrido
dirty

sucio
straight

recto
round

redondo
sharp (as a knife)

agudo, afilado
dull (as a knife)

embotado, romo
smooth

liso
wet

mojado
dry

seco
correct

correcto
near

cerca
far

lejos
right

derecha

View other word lists here