Tagalog 101

Like English there is no gender assigned to common nouns, including those of Spanish origin. The only exception is Spanish-origin words refering to a type of person or occupation. But even here, the article (ang, ng, etc.) is gender neutral. Example:   Ang abogado/a   The lawyer or attorney (m/f).   Ironically, Tagalog-origin words can even be more gender neutral than English.   Example:   kapatid   brother or sister.


For plurals, add mga immediately before the noun.   Example:   Mga hayop   Animals.   Adding "_s" does not make anything plural, and is sometimes used on Spanish nouns regardless of whether the topic is plural or not.


One point of confusion is the word Filipinas. It can mean either The Philippines (the country) or a group of Philippine females.


Girl/Female
Babae


Boy/Male 
Lalaki
Animal 
Hayop
Place 
Lugar
Name
Pangalan
Nickname 
Palayaw
Surname 
Apelyido
Address 
Tirahan
Age 
Edad
Sex/Gender 
Kasarian
School 
Eskwelahan
Variety Store 
Tindahan
Birthday 
Kaarawan
Birthdate 
Kapanganakan
Child 
Anak
Adult 
Matanda
Bus 
Bus (boos)
Train 
Tren
Light 
Ilaw
Water 
Tubig
Electricity 
Kuryente
Table 
Mesa
Couch 
Sofa
Chair 
Silya
Living room 
Sala
Kitchen 
Kusina
Bedroom 
Kwarto
Bathroom 
Banyo(formal)/Kubeta(informal)/CR(casual)
Picture 
Litrato
Radio 
Radyo
Air Conditioner 
Aircon
Television 
Telebisyon
Refrigirator 
Pridyider
Faucet 
Gripo
Door 
Pinto
Window 
Bintana
Friend 
Kaibigan
Buddy 
Pare

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