Tagalog 101

now 
ngayon (NAyon)


a while ago 
kanina
later 
mamaya (MA-MA-ya)
before 
bago
after 
pagkatapos
morning 
umaga (Oo-MA-ga)
afternoon 
tanghali(12 o'clock)/hapon(1-5 o'clock PM)
evening 
gabi (GAA-bee)
night 
gabi (Gaa-bee)
dawn 
madaling araw

Clock

"ng" is pronounced 'nang' (Ng is pronunced, like many 'g' in Tagalog and all Filipino languages, have a throaty 'g' so ng would be pronunced more like nah-ng)


one o'clock AM 
ala una ng madaling araw


two o'clock AM 
alas dos ng madaling araw
three o'clock AM 
alas tres ng madaling araw
four o'clock AM 
alas kwatro ng madaling araw
five o'clock AM 
alas singko ng madaling araw
six o'clock AM  
alas sais ng umaga
seven o'clock AM 
alas siyete ng umaga
eight o'clock AM  
alas otso ng umaga
nine o'clock AM 
alas nuwebe ng umaga
ten o'clock AM  
alas diyes ng umaga
eleven o'clock AM 
alas onse ng umaga
twelve o'clock noon 
alas dose ng tanghali
one o'clock PM 
ala una ng hapon
two o'clock PM 
alas dos ng hapon
three o'clock PM 
alas tres ng hapon
four o'clock PM 
alas kwatro ng hapon
five o'clock PM 
alas singko ng hapon
seven o'clock PM 
ala siyete ng hating gabi
six o'clock PM 
ala sais ng hating gabi
eight o'clock PM 
alas otso ng hating gabi
nine o'clock PM 
alas nuebe ng hating gabi
ten o'clock PM 
alas dies ng hating gabi
eleven o'clock PM  
alas onse ng hating gabi
one o'clock PM 
ala una ng hapon
two o'clock PM 
alas dos ng gabi
twelve o'clock midnight 
alas dose ng madaling araw
one thirty o'clock PM 
ala una y media ng hapon
two thiry PM 
alas dos y media ng hapon
one thirty AM 
ala una y media ng madaling araw
nine thirty AM 
alas nuwebe ng umaga
one forty five AM 
ala una kwarenta y singko ng umaga
nine forty five AM 
alas nuebe kwarenta y singko ng umaga

Duration

_____ minute(s) 
_____ minuto


_____ hour(s) 
_____oras
_____ day(s) 
_____araw
_____ week(s) 
_____ linggo
_____ month(s) 
_____buwan
_____ year(s) 
_____taon

Days

today 
ngayon


yesterday 
kahapon
tomorrow 
bukas
this week 
ngayong linggo
last week 
nakaraang linggo
next week 
sa isang linggo
Sunday 
Linggo (LING-go)
Monday 
Lunes (LOO-ness)
Tuesday 
Martes (MAR-tess)
Wednesday 
Miyerkoles (MEE-yer-koh-less)
Thursday 
Huwebes (HOOweh-bess)
Friday 
Biyernes (BEEyer-ness)
Saturday 
Sabado (SAba-do)

Holidays

Christmas 
Pasko


New Year 
Bagong Taon
Easter 
Mahal na Araw(formal)/Semana Santa(informal)
All Souls Day 
Araw ng mga Patay(formal)/Todos los Santos(informal)

Months

The Pilipino language borrowed its terms for the days of the week and months of the year from the Spanish language.


January 
Enero


February 
Pebrero
March 
Marso
April 
Abril
May 
Mayo
June 
Hunyo
July 
Hulyo
August 
Agosto
September 
Setyembre
October 
Oktubre
November 
Nobyembre
December 
Desyembre

Writing

Dates can be written as follows:

English format: September 19, 2005 would be Setyembre 19, 2005
Spanish format: September 19, 2005 would be Ika-19 ng Setyembre, 2005

Times are written as in English (as in 6:23 AM) but are spoken as in Spanish.

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