Turkmen 101

Turkmen Peace Corps Course

Turkmen Peace Corps CourseSalam! This Turkmen course was developed by the U.S. Peace Corps for its volunteers going to Turkmen. It can be useful as a primer for learning the basics of the Turkmen language. You can listen and follow along to each lesson or download the whole course directly.

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Lesson 1 & 2

Lesson 3, 4 & 5 – The Turkmen Alphabet, Greetings & Numbers


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Printed Letter Sound Pronunciation
A a “ah” a, as in father
B b “beh” b, as in bread
Ç ç “cheh” ch, as in cheese
D d “deh” d, as in day
E e “eh” e, as in pen
Ä ä “a” a, as in cat
F f “eff” f , as in fine
G g “geh” g, as in garden
H h “heh” kh, as in hen (but guttural)
I i “ee” ee, as in see
J j “jeh” j, as in jean
Ž ž “zheh” as in pleasure
K k “ka” k, as in kite
L l “ell” l, as in lemon
M m “em” m, as in man
N n “en” n, as in note
Ň ň “eng” ng, as in morning
O o “o” o, as in board
Ö ö “ö” ir, as in girl, but rounded
P p “peh” p, as in pen
R r “er” r, as in red (slightly trilled)
S s “eth” th, as in thing
Ş ş “sheh” sh, as in wash
T t “the” t, as in tent
U u “ooh” oo, as in soon
Ü ü “ü”* u, as in use (close)
W w “weh” w, as in water
Y y “uyi”* y, as in possible
Ý ý “yeh” y’ as in yellow
Z z “theh” z, as in these
ýa   yo as in young
ýo   as Ýour
ýu   as you
ýe   as y in yes

English Turkmen
Hi! Hello! Salam!
How are you? Nähili?
Good. Gowy.
Bad. Erbet.
Good bye. Thank you. Your health. Sag bol. (for all of them you can use one phrase)

Number Turkmen
0 nul
1 bir
2 iki
3 üç
4 dört
5 bäş
6 alty
7 ýedi
8 sekiz
9 dokuz
10 on
11 on bir
19 on dokuz
20 ýigrimi
30 otuz
40 kyrk
50 elli
60 altmyş
70 ýetmiş
80 segsen
90 togsan
91 togsan bir
100 ýuz
1000 müň

Lesson 6, 7 & 8 – Introductions, Basic Conversation & Family


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English Turkmen
My name is Zokhre. Meň adym Zöhre.
What is your name? Seň adyň näme?
Where are you from? Sen nireden?
I’m from America. Men Amerikadan.
How old are you? Sen näçe ýaşyňda?
I am 20. Ýigrimi.

Dialogue 1

English Turkmen
– Hello. – Salam.
– Hello. – Salam.
– My name is Zohre. What is your name? – Meň adym Zöhre. Seň adyň näme?
– My name is Ata. – Meň adym Ata.
– How are you, Ata? – Ata, nähili?
– Good. And you? – Gowy. Sen nähili?
– Good. – Gowy.

Dialogue 2/h4>

English Turkmen
– What is your name? – Seň adyň näme?
– Ata. And what is your name? – Ata. Seň adyň name?
– Zohre. Where are you from? – Zöhre. Sen nireden?
– I am from America. – Men Amerikadan.
– Good. – Gowy.

Dialogue 3

English Turkmen
– Hello. – Salam.
– Hello. – Salam.
– My name is Zohre. What is your name? – Meň adym Zöhre. Seň adyň näme?
– My name is Ata. – Meň adym Ata.
– How are you, Ata? – Ata, nähili?
– Good. – Gowy.
– Where are you from? – Sen nireden?
– I am from America. – Men Amerikadan.
– How old are you? – Sen näçe ýaşyňda?
– I am 20. – Ýigrimi.
English Turkmen
Do you have a family? Seň maşgalaň barmy?
This is my family. Bu meň maşgalam.
My father. Meň kakam.
My mother. Meň ejem.
My sibling. Meň doganym.
My son. Meň oglum.
My daughter. Meň gyzym.

Lesson 9, 10 & 11 – Food, Talking About Food & Shopping and More


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English Turkmen
Tea Çaý
Bread Çörek
Meat Et
Water Suw
Potato Kartoşka
Fish Balyk
Milk Süýt
Meal Nahar
I like . Men halaýan.
I do not like . Men halamok.
What do you like? Sen näme halaýaň?

Dialogue 1

English Turkmen
– What do you like? Water? Tea? – Sen näme halaýaň? Suw? Çaý?
– I like tea. – Men çaý halaýan.

Dialogue 2

English Turkmen
– What do you like? Fish? Meat? – Sen näme halaýaň? Balyk? Et?
– I like fish. I do not like meat. – Men balyk halaýan. Men et halamok.

English Turkmen
At the bazaar. Bazarda.
How much is it? Näçeden?
It is expensive. Bu gymmat.
I do not have dollars. Mende dollar ýok.
I have manats. Mende manat bar.

Questions and Expressions

English Turkmen
Red Gyzyl
Black Gara
Yellow Sary
Blue Gök
White Ak
Green Ýaşyl

Apartment

English Turkmen
Where do you live? Sen nirede ýaşaýaň?
Mir street, 34. Mir köçe, otuz dört.
What is your telephone number? Telefonyň näçe?
Where is the bathroom? Tualet nirede?

Peace Corps

English Turkmen
I’m a Volunteer. Men meýletinçi.
Peace Corps Parahatçylyk Korpusy
I’m a teacher of English. Men Iňlis dili mugallymy.
I am a community health worker. Men saglyk mugallymy.

Lesson 12 – Colors


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English Turkmen
Who? Kim?
What? Näme?
When? Haçan?
Where? Nirede?
Why? Näme üçin?
How much? Näçe?

Useful Words and Expressions

English Turkmen
Yes. Hawa.
No. Ýok.
Excuse me. Bagyşlaň.
Really? Şeýlemi?
Thank you. Sag bol.
I need Maňa gerek.
I am tired. Men ýadadym.
I don’t understand. Men düşünemok.
I don’t speak Turkmen well. Men Türkmençe gowy bilemok.
Can you repeat, please? Gaýtalaň.
Can you speak more slowly? Haýal aýdyň.
What is it? Bu näme?
What is it in Turkmen? Bu türkmençe näme?
To have and there is/are Bar
To have not and there is/are no Ýok

Original Course Text

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