Vietnamese 101

ch
at the beginning of a syllable, like 'ch' in "touch"; at the end, like 'ck' in "sick" (but it is never enunciated)
gh
like 'g' in "go"
kh
like 'c' in "cat"
ng, ngh
like 'ng' in "sing-along"
ph
like 'ph' in "phone"
th
like 't' in "time" - Used only at the beginning of a syllable.
tr
like 'ch' in "chat" - Used only at the beginning of a syllable.
gi
in the South (Saigon), like 'y' in "yes"; in the North (Hanoi), like 'z' in "zip"
qu
like 'qu' in "quest"
uy
like 'w' in "win"

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