is a Romance language spoken by about 70 million people primarily in Italy.
Standard Italian is based on Tuscan dialects and is somewhat intermediate
between the languages of Southern Italy and the Gallo-Romance languages
of the North. Like many languages it is written using the Latin alphabet,
Italian has double consonants. However, contrary to, for example, French
and Spanish, double consonants are pronounced as long (geminated) in Italian.
As in most Romance languages (with the notable exception of French), stress
is distinctive. Out of the Romance languages, Italian is generally considered
to be the one most closely resembling Latin in terms of grammar, vocabulary