Tagalog 101

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Add po at (or near) the end of a sentence or question to make it formal and polite. Exception: after an interrogative po immediately follows.   Sino po siya?   Who is he/she? (formal)     It is important to note that "opo" (po) and "oho" (ho) are only used to be polite to one's elders.  Ho (not used in this phrasebook) is a slightly downgraded version of po and can virtually always be interchanged with it. It's most commonly heard within families to show respect. Po (and ho) are incompatible with ka and ikaw (use kayo) and with mo (use nila).

Yes (logical)
Oo (OH-OH) (informal)   Opo (OH-po) (formal)

No (logical) 
Hindi (hin-DEE) (informal)   Hindi po (formal)
Yes (to have or there are some) 
Mayroon (MAY-ron) (informal, also 'Meron')   Mayroon po (formal)
No (to not have or there is none) 
Wala (wa-LAH) (informal)   Wala po (formal)
I don't know 
Hindi ko alam. (informal)   Hindi ko po alam. (formal)
Hi/Hoy (Like the word 'High' - same as in English, 'Hoy' is more attention-getting and less polite) (informal)
How are you? 
Kamusta ka? (informal)   Kamusta po kayo? (formal)
Fine, thank you. 
Ayos naman, salamat. (Ayos nahman, sahlahmat)   Mabuti po, salamat. (formal)
And you 
Ikaw? (ee-COW) (informal)   Kayo po? (formal)
Mabuti (mah-BOO-tee)   Mabuti po (formal)
What is your name? 
Anong pangalan mo? (informal)   Ano po ang pangalan nila? (formal)
My name is ______ . 
Ako si ______ .   Ang pangalan ko ay si _______. (literal)

Note as shown above, markers (si/ni/kay) are mandatory before a person's name -- no exceptions (other than one word answers)

Nice/pleased to meet you. 
Kinagagalak kong makilala ka. (informal)  Kinagagalak ko po kayong makilala. (formal)

paki usap po
Thank you. 
Salamat (informal)   Salamat po (formal)
Thank you very much 
Maraming salamat (informal)   Maraming salamat po (formal)
You're welcome. 
Walang anuman. (literally it is nothing)
Take care. 
How old are you? 
Ilang taon ka na?
Where are you from? 
Taga saan ka? (Tah-gah sah-ahn kah?)
Where do you live? 
Saan ka nakatira?
Where have you been? 
Saan ka galing? (often used rhetorically)
Where are you going? 
Saan ka pupunta? (Sah-ahn kah poo-poon-tah?)
Can you accompany me to _____? 
Pwede mo ba akong samahan sa _____?
Can you take me to _____ ? 
Pwede mo ba akong dalhin sa _____ ?
What is your work? 
Anong trabaho mo?
What are you doing? 
Ano ang ginagawa mo? (ano ang ge-nah-gah-WAH mo)
Where do you go to school? 
Saang eskwela ka nag-aaral?
I'm sorry. 
Goodbye (informal) 
Bye. (BIGH)
I can't speak (insert name of language) [well]. 
Hindi ako marunong mag-(insert name of language) [mabuti].
Saklolo! (SAHK-lolo!) or Tulong! (TOO-LONG)
Look out! 
Look out! (look OWT!)
Good morning. (lit. 'beautiful morning')
Magandang umaga (ma-GAHN-dang oo-MAH-ga) (informal)
Magandang umaga po (ma-GAHN-dang oo-MAH-ga po) (formal)

Good day 
Magandang araw (ma-GAHN-dang AH-row)
Good afternoon
Magandang hapon (ma-GAHN-dang HA-pon)
Good evening 
Magandang gabi. (ma-GAHN-dang gah-BI)
I don't understand. 
Hindi ko maintindihan.
Where is the bathroom/washroom? 
Nasaan ang C.R.? (NAH-SAH-an ang C R?) [where C.R. = Comfort Room ~ Rest Room]
What time is it? 
Anong oras na?
Do you understand English? 
Nakakaintindi ka ba ng Ingles?
Do you speak English? 
Nakapagsasalita ka ba ng Ingles? or Marunong ka ba mag-Ingles?
Yes, I speak/understand a little. 
Oo, kaunti lang.
I don't understand Tagalog. 
Hindi ako nakakaintindi ng Tagalog.
Is there someone here who speaks English? 
Meron ba ditong marunong mag-Ingles?
Who is she/he? 
Sino siya?
What is she/he saying? 
Anong sinasabi niya?
What do you mean? 
Ano ibig mong sabihin?
Please say it again/pardon. 
Please write it down
Let's go! 
Tara!(very informal)   Halika na (semi-formal)
Can I speak to ____ ? (on the phone) 
Pwedeng makausap si _____?
One moment 
Sandali lang
Saan? (SAH-ahn)
Paano? (PAH-ahno)

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