Basque 101

Basque Word List

The purpose of this list is to give a rough idea of the Basque language. The words listed below are not the most common words, but a broad sampling of words. See the Word Lists page for more details.

English

Basque
(euskara)
I

ni
you (singular)

hi, zu
he

hura, bera
we

gu
you (plural)

zuek
they

haiek
this

hau
that

hori, hura
here

hemen, hon-
there

hor, han
who

nor *(interrogative)*
what

zer *(interrogative)*
where

non *(no movement, interrogative)*
when

noiz *(interrogative)*
how

nola *(interrogative)*
not

ez
all

guzti, den, oro
many

asko
some

batzuk, zenbait
few

gutxi
other

beste
one

bat
two

bi
three

hiru
four

lau
five

bost
big

handi
long

luze
wide

zabal
thick

lodi, gizen, potolo
heavy

astun
small

txiki
short

labur, motz
narrow

estu, mehar
thin

argal
woman

emakume
man (adult male)

gizon
man (human being)

gizaki
child

haur, ume, sein
wife

emazte
husband

senar
mother

ama
father

aita
animal

abere (domestic), animalia
fish

arrain
bird

txori
dog

txakur
louse

zorri
snake

suge
worm

har
tree

zuhaitz
forest

oihan, baso
stick

makila
fruit

fruitu, zitu, igali
seed

ale, hazi
leaf

hosto, orri
root

erro, sustrai
bark (of a tree)

azal
flower

lore, lili
grass

belar, bedar
rope

soka
skin

larru
meat

haragi
blood

odol
bone

hezur
fat (noun)

gantz
egg

arrautza
horn

adar
tail

buztan
feather

luma
hair

ile
head

buru
ear

belarri
eye

begi
nose

sudur
mouth

aho
tooth

hortz, hagin
tongue (organ)

mihi
fingernail

azazkal
foot

oin
leg

hanka, zango
knee

belaun
hand

esku
wing

hego
belly

sabel
guts

heste, tripa
neck

lepo
back

bizkar
breast

bular
heart

bihotz
liver

gibel
to drink

edan
to eat

jan
to bite

kosk egin
to suck

xurgatu
to spit

txistu egin
to vomit

goitikatu
to blow

putz egin
to breathe

arnas egin
to laugh

barre egin
to see

ikusi
to hear

entzun
to know

jakin
to think

pentsatu
to smell

usaindu
to fear

beldur izan
to sleep

lo egin
to live

bizi izan
to die

hil
to kill

erahil
to fight

borrokatu
to hunt

ehizatu
to hit

jo
to cut

moztu
to split

pitzatu
to stab

sastatu
to scratch

urratu
to dig

aitzurtu
to swim

igeri egin
to fly

hegaz egin
to walk

ibili
to come

etorri
to lie (as in a bed)

etzan *(action)*, etzanda egon *(state)*
to sit

eseri *(action)*, eserita egon *(state*
to stand

zutitu *(action)*, zutik egon *(state)*
to turn (intransitive)

biratu
to fall

erori, jausi
to give

eman
to hold

eduki
to squeeze

estutu
to rub

igurtzi
to wash

ikuzi, garbitu, xahutu
to wipe

xukatu, lehortu
to pull

erakarri
to push

bultzatu
to throw

bota, jaurti(ki)
to tie

lotu
to sew

josi
to count

zenbatu, kondatu
to say

esan, erran
to sing

abestu
to play

jokatu
to float

igerikatu
to flow

isuri
to freeze

izoztu
to swell

hanpatu, puztu
sun

eguzki, iguzki, eki
moon

ilargi
star

izar
water

ur
rain

euri
river

ibai
lake

aintzira, zingira
sea

itsaso
salt

gatz
stone

harri
sand

hondar, hare
dust

hauts
earth

lur
cloud

hodei
fog

laino
sky

zeru, ortzi
wind

haize
snow

elur, edur
ice

izotz
smoke

ke
fire

su
ash

hauts, errauts
to burn

erre
road

bide
mountain

mendi
red

gorri
green

berde, orlegi
yellow

hori
white

zuri
black

beltz
night

gau
day

egun
year

urte
warm

bero
cold

hotz
full

beteta
new

berri
old

zahar
good

on
bad

txar
rotten

ustel
dirty

zikin
straight

zuzen
round

biribil
sharp (as a knife)

zorrotz
dull (as a knife)

kamuts
smooth

leun
wet

busti, heze
dry

lehor
correct

zuzen
near

hurbil
far

urrun
right

eskuin
left

ezker
at

-n, -an, -ean, -etan
in

-n, -an, -ean, -etan
with

-ekin, -arekin
and

eta
if

(baldin) ba-
because

-elako, bait-, … eta
name

izen, deitura

View other word lists here