Bengali 101

Bengali Peace Corps Course

Bengali Peace Corps Courseহ্যালো! This Bengali course was developed by the U.S. Peace Corps for its volunteers going to Bangladesh. It can be useful as a primer for learning the basics of the Bengali language. You can listen and follow along to each lesson or download the whole course directly.

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Lesson 1 – Useful Bengladeshi Phrases


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English Phonetic Bangla
Good morning shubho sOkal
Assalamu Aleykum assalamu alaikum
Walaikumus Salam walaikum assalam
How are you? apni kEmon achhen?
I’m fine ami bhalo achhi
Thank you dhonnobad
Ok Thik achhe
Fine Thik achhe
Very good khub bhalo
How bad! ki kharap!
Really? sotti?
What did you say? apni ki bolchhilen?
Just a moment Ektu OpEkhkha kOren
What happened? ki holo?
Excuse me. maph kOrben
May be sOmbhobOto
Please say again dOya kore arekbar bolun
I didn’t understand ami bujhte pari nai
Please say slowly dOya kore aste bOlen
I understood ami bujhte perechhi
Please say in English dOya kore ingrejite bOlun
I like it ami eTa pOchhondo kori
I don’t like it ami eTa pOchhondo kori na
I need it amar eTa proYojOn ache
I don’t need it amar eTa proYojOn nai
Where is it eTa kothaY ache?
What to do? ki korte hobe?
See you again abar dekha hobe
Just kidding dushtami korchi
I don’t know ami janina
Life is such eaito jibOn
O my God! haY khoda!
Alas! haY!
Holy cow! bapre bap!
How strange! ki ashchorjo
No problem somossa nai
It doesn’t matter eTa kono bishOY na
I can speak a little bit of Bangla ami Olpo bangla bolte pari
I am learning Bangla language ami bangla bhasa shikhchhi
Never mind kichu mone korben na
Good night shuvo ratri

Lesson 2 – Phrases for a Host Family


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English Phonetic Bangla
I am busy ami bEsto
I am tired ami klanto
I like green vegetables ami sobji pOchhondo kori
I don’t eat hot ami jhal khai na
I don’t eat meat ami mangso khai na
I don’t eat spicy food ami mOshla deya khabar khaina
I don’t know Bangladeshi Culture, please teach me ami bangladesher sOngskriti janina, dOya kore amake shEkhan
Now I’ll go to do my homework Ekhon ami baRir kaj korte jabo
I am feeling sleepy amar ghum pachchhe
I am feeling hungry amar khudha peyechhe
My class starts at 08:00 a.m. amar klas sOkal aT Tay shuru hOy
I’ll come to take lunch at 01:00 p.m. ami bEla Ek Tay dupurer khabar khete asbo
I won’t come to eat today ami aj khete asbo na
I won’t take breakfast today ami aj sOkaler nasta khabo na
I’ll return in the evening ami sOndhay phirbo
Please teach me Bangla dOya kore amake bangla shEkhaben
You are very nice people apnara khub bhalo lok
May I come in? ami ki aste pari?
Mom cooks tasty food amma khub mOjar khabar ranna kOren
Ok, now I’ll leave Thik achhe, ami Ekhon jabo
Is it ok to walk at night? ratre haTte jaowa ki nirapOd?
Are there any insects at home? baRite ki poka makoR achhe?
Are there snakes around? ashe pashe ki sap achhe?

Lessons 3 & 4 – Common Introductions & Basic Conversation


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Vocaulary Used

English Phonetic Bangla
Name nam
What ki
Is hOY
Your tomar
My amar
Is not hOY na
Home baRi
Where kothaY?

The Dialogue

What is your name? apnar nam ki?
My name is John. amar nam jOhn
Where is your home? apnar baRi kothaY?
I am from Ohio amar baRi ohio

Vocaulary Used

English Phonetic Bangla
Fine bhalo
How kemon
Thank you donnobad
And ebOng

The Dialogue

English Phonetic Bangla
John, how are you? john apni kEmon achhen?
I am fine, thank you ami bhalo achhi, donnobad
And you? ebOng apni?
I am also fine amio bhalo achhi

Lesson 5 & 6 – Getting Around & Take a Rickshaw


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Vocaulary Used

English Phonetic Bangla
Where kothaY
Over there oidike
Market bajar

The Dialogue

English Phonetic Bangla
Assalamu Aleykum assalamu alaikum
Walaikumus Salam walaikum assalam
Where is the market? bajar kothaY?
It’s over there oidike
Thank you donnobad

Vocaulary Used

English Phonetic Bangla
Hey eai
Where kothaY
How much kOto
Fare bhaRa
Ten dOsh
Taka (money) Taka
Market bajar

The Dialogue

English Phonetic Bangla
Hey Rickshaw! Will you go? eai riksha! jaben?
Where? kothaY?
I shall to go to the market ami bajare jabo
Yes, I shall go hYa, ami jabo
How much is the fare? bhara kOto?
10 taka dOsh taka
Ok, let’s go! Thik achhe, cholen
Ok. Thik achhe

Lesson 7 & 8 – Communications & Calling Long Distance


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Vocaulary Used

English Phonetic Bangla
It eTa
Here Ekhane
There okhane
Where kothaY
Post Office dakghOr
Have achhe
Don’t have nai
And ebOng
Facility shubidha
Nearby kachhe

The Dialogue

English Phonetic Bangla
Assalamu Aleykum assalamu alaikum
Walaikumus Salam walaikum assalam
Where is the Post Office? dakghOr kothaY?
It’s over there oidike
Do you have e-mail and fax here? Ekhane e-mail ebOng fax achhe?
No we don’t have na, nai
Where are the facilities of e-mail and fax? e-mail ebOng fax shubidha kothaY achhe?
It’s nearby Post Office eTa dakghOrer kachhe
Thank you donnobad

Vocaulary Used

English Phonetic Bangla
Here Ekhane
Ok Thik achhe
To do korte
Twenty bish
How much for one minute Ek miniter jOnno kOto taka
Yes hYa

The Dialogue

English Phonetic Bangla
Assalamu Aleykum assalamu alaikum
Walaikumus Salam walaikum assalam
Do you have ISD? Ekhane ISD achhe?
Yes! Where do you want to call? hYa, apni kothaY phon korte chan?
America amerika
Ok. Please call Thik achhe, korun
How much for one minute? Ek minit kOto taka?
20 taka bish taka
Ok Thik achhe

Lesson 9 & 10 – General Items & Eating with a Host Family


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Vocaulary Used

English Phonetic Bangla
Peanut Butter peanut butter
Bread pauruti
Candy/Chocolate chOklet
Sandal sEndel
Umbrella chhata
Please dOya kore
Show dEkhan
These egulo
How much for these? egulor daam kOto
1hundred and 20 Ek shoto bish
Ok sOmossa nai
Take nEn

The Dialogue

English Phonetic Bangla
Assalamu Aleykum assalamu alaikum
Walaikumus Salam walaikum assalam
Do you have peanut butter and bread? Ekhane peanut butter ebOng pauruti achhe
Yes! hYa
Please show dOya kore dEkhan
Please look dOya kore dEkhun
How much for these? egulor dam kOto
1hundred and 20 taka Ek shoto bish taka
Ok sOmossa nai
Give me these amake egulo dEn
Please take nEn
Thank you dhonnobad

Vocaulary Used

English Phonetic Bangla
Food khabar
Tasty mOja
Enough jOtheshTho
How kibhabe
More aro
Rice bhat
Very khub
Please take dOya kore nEn
Lentil dal
Vegetable sobji
Curry torkari
Pickle achar
Spoon chamOch
Plate thala
To dry/Wipe muchhey dEn
Please come dOya kore aashun
Please eat dOya kore khan
Ok Thik achhe

The Dialogue

English Phonetic Bangla
John, come to eat food John, khabar khete aashun
Ok, here I am Thik aache, ami ashchi
Mother, please dry the plate, Ok? amma, dOya kore thalamuche dEn
Ok Thik achhe

Lesson 11 & 12 – Food Handling and Sanitation & Family Members


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Vocaulary Used

English Phonetic Bangla
I am full amar peT bhore gEchhe
Water pani
Glass glas
Drink pan kOra/khawa
My amar
Own nijer

The Dialogue

English Phonetic Bangla
John how is food? john, khabar kEmon lagchhe
Its very delicious khub mOja
Take more aro nin
I am full, thank you amar peT bhore gEchhe
John, drink the water from this glass john, eai glaser pani khan
I will drink my own water ami amar nijer pani khabO
Ok Thik achhe

Vocaulary Used

English Phonetic Bangla
Your apnar/tomar
Family poribar
Member sOdossa
Who ke
Father abba/baba
Mother amma/ma
Elder brother bOro bhai
Younger brother choTo bhai
Elder sister bOro bon
Younger sister choTo bon
Grandfather dada
Grandmother dadi
How many kOto jOn/kOY jOn
Five pach
And ebOng

The Dialogue

English Phonetic Bangla
How many members are there in your family? apnar poribare kOto jOn sOdossa achhe?
There are five members in my family amar poribaare pach jOn shodoshsha achhe
Who are there? ke ke achhen?
My father, mother, younger brother and I amar abba, amma, choTo bhai ebOng ami

Lesson 13 – Common Questions


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Vocaulary Used

English Phonetic Bangla
Marriage biye
How many kOtojOn
Member sOdossa
Age bOyOs
What ki
Work kaj
To teach pORano
Teacher shikhkhOk
English ingreji
School skul
Female teacher shikhkhika
To come asa
To stay thaka
Country desh
Beautiful shundOr
I work ami kaj kori
Office office
Year bOchhor
Twenty-five pochish

The Dialogue

English Phonetic Bangla
Are you married? apni ki bibahito?
I’m not married ami bibahito na
How many members are there in your family? apnar poribare kOtojOn sOdosso ache?
There are five members in my family amar poribare pach jOn sOdosso achhe
How old are you? apnar boyosh kOto?
I’m twenty-five years old amar boyosh pochish bOchhor
What do you do? apni ki koren?
I teach in a school ami skule pORai
I’m an English Teacher ami EkjOn ingreji shikhkhOk
How long have you been in Bangladesh? apni bangladeshe kOtodin achhen?
It’s been a week since I have been in Bangladesh ami Ek shOptaho age bangladeshe esechi
How long do you stay in Bangladesh? apni kOtodin bangladeshe thakben?
I will stay for two years in Bangladesh ami dui bOchhor bangladeshe thakbo
How did you like our country? amader desh apnar kEmon lagchhe?
Its very beautiful khub shundor

Lesson 14 – Domestic Questions


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Vocaulary Used

English Phonetic Bangla
Toilet TOyleT
Outside baire
Inside bhitore
Rope/String doRi
Cloths kapOR
To dry shukano
Tap tEp/panir kOl
To take shower gosol kOra
Where kOthaY
Place jaYga
Room rum
Bathroom/Bathing place gosol khana
Laundry place kapoR dhowar jaYga
To hang jhulano

The Dialogue

English Phonetic Bangla
Where is the latrine? lEtrin kothaY?
It’s over there eTa oidike
Where is the place to take shower? gosol korar jaYga kothaY?
It’s over here eTa eaidike
Where is the place to do laundry? kapoR dhowar jaYga kothaY?
Where is the place to dry laundry? kapoR shukanor jaYga kothaY?
There, hang on that string oi doRite jhuliye dEn

Lesson 15 & 16 – Medical Problems & Numbers


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Vocaulary Used

English Phonetic Bangla
How are you? apni kemon achhen?
Not well bhalo nei
What happened? ki hoyechhe?
I have cold amar Thanda legechhe
I am tired ami klanto
I feel hungry amar khudha peyechhe
With sathe
Sick Osustho
Medicine oshudh

The Dialogue

English Phonetic Bangla
John, how are you? john, apni kEmon achhen?
I am not well bhalo nei
What happened? ki hoyechhe?
I have a cold amar Thanda legechhe
I’ll give you medicine ami apnake oshudh debo
I shouldn’t take medicine from outside. I have my own medicine. amar bairer oshudh khaowa Thik hObe na. amar nijer oshudh achhe

Numbers

English Number Phonetic Bangla
One 1 Ek
Two 2 dui
Three 3 tin
Four 4 char
Five 5 pach
Six 6 choY
Seven 7 sat
Eight 8 aT
Nine 9 nOY
Ten 10 dOsh
Twenty 20 bish
Thirty 30 tirish/trish
Forty 40 chollish
Fifty 50 pOnchash
Sixty 60 shaT
Seventy 70 shottur
Eighty 80 ashi
Ninety 90 nobboi
One hundred 100 Ek shoto

Original Course Text

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