Malagasy 101

Malagasy Word List

The purpose of this list is to give a rough idea of the Malagasy language. The words listed below are not the most common words, but a broad sampling of words. See the Word Lists page for more details.

English

Malagasy
I

aho
you (singular)

ianao
he

izy
we

isika *(inclusive)*, izahay *(exclusive)*
you (plural)

ianareo
they

izy, izy ireo, ry zareo
this

ity
that

izany
here

eto
there

ao
who

iza *(interrogative)*
what

inona *(interrogative)*
where

aiza *(interrogative)*
when

oviana *(interrogative, past)*, rahoviana *(interrogative, future)*
how

ahoana, manahoana *(interrogative)*
not

tsy
all

ny … rehetra
many

betsaka
some

vitsivitsy
few

kely
other

hafa
one

iray
two

roa
three

telo
four

efatra
five

dimy
big

lehibe
long

lava
wide

malalaka
thick

matevina
heavy

mavesatra
small

kely
short

fohy
narrow

tery
thin

manify, mahia
woman

vehivavy
man (adult male)

lehilahy
man (human being)

olombelona
child

zaza
wife

vady
husband

vady
mother

reny
father

ray
animal

biby
fish

trondro, hazan-drano
bird

vorona
dog

alika, amboa
louse

hao
snake

bibilava
worm

kankana
tree

hazo
forest

ala
stick

kibay, tehina
fruit

voankazo
seed

voa
leaf

ravina
root

faka, fototra
bark (of a tree)

hodi-kazo
flower

voninkazo
grass

ahitra, bozaka
rope

tady
skin

hoditra
meat

hena
blood

ra
bone

taolana
fat (noun)

taviny
egg

atody
horn

tandroka
tail

rambo
feather

penina, volom-borona
hair

bolo
head

loha
ear

sofina
eye

maso
nose

orona
mouth

vava
tooth

nify
tongue (organ)

lela
fingernail

hoho
foot

tongotra
leg

ranjo
knee

lohalika
hand

tanana
wing

elatra
belly

kibo
guts

tsinay
neck

vozona, tenda
back

lamosina
breast

tratra
heart

fo
liver

aty
to drink

misotro
to eat

mihinana
to bite

manaikitra
to suck

mifiaka
to spit

mandrehoka
to vomit

mandoa
to blow

mitsoka
to breathe

miaina, misefo
to laugh

hehy, tokelaka
to see

mahita
to hear

maheno
to know

mahafantatra
to think

mieritreritra
to smell

manambolo
to fear

matahotra, manahy
to sleep

matory
to live

velona
to die

nodimandry, maty
to kill

mamono, mahafaty
to fight

miady
to hunt

mihaza
to hit

mikapoka
to cut

mandidy
to split

mamaky
to stab

manatsatoka antsy
to scratch

mikiky, mikaoka
to dig

mihady, mandavaka
to swim

milomano
to fly

manidina
to walk

mandeha
to come

avy, tonga, tamy
to lie (as in a bed)

mivelatra *(action)*
to sit

mipetraka *(action)*
to stand

mifoha, mitsangana *(action)*
to turn (intransitive)

mihodina
to fall

mianjera
to give

manome
to hold

mitantana
to squeeze

mandray
to rub

manakasoka
to wash

manasa
to wipe

mamafa
to pull

mitifitra
to push

manosika
to throw

manoraka
to tie

mamehy, mamatotra
to sew

manjaitra
to count

manisa
to say

milaza, miteny
to sing

mihira, mikalo
to play

milalao
to float

mitsinkafona
to flow

mikoriana
to freeze

mandry
to swell

mibontsina
sun

masoandro
moon

volana
star

kintana
water

rano
rain

orana
river

renirano
lake

kamory, farihy
sea

ranomasina, riaka
salt

sira
stone

vato
sand

fasika
dust

vovoka
earth

tany
cloud

rahona
fog

zavona
sky

lanitra
wind

rivotra
snow

ranomandry, lanezy
ice

rano mandry
smoke

setroka
fire

afo
ash

lavenona
to burn

may
road

lalana
mountain

tondrombohitra
red

mena
green

maitso
yellow

mavo
white

fotsy
black

mainty
night

alina
day

andro
year

taona
warm

mafana
cold

mangatsiaka
full

feno
new

vaovao
old

antitra, tonta
good

tsara
bad

ratsy
rotten

bobongolo *(mouldy)*
dirty

maloto
straight

mahitsy
round

boribory
sharp (as a knife)

maranitra
dull (as a knife)

dombo
smooth

malama
wet

mando
dry

maina
correct

mendrika
near

akaiky
far

lavitra
right

havanana

View other word lists here