Tagalog 101

Tagalog Word List

The purpose of this list is to give a rough idea of the Tagalog language. The words listed below are not the most common words, but a broad sampling of words. See the Word Lists page for more details.

English

Tagalog
I

ako
you (singular)

ikaw, ka; kayo *(formal)*
he

siya
we

tayo *(inclusive)*, kami *(exclusive)*
you (plural)

kayo
they

sila
this

ito
that

iyan *(far from speaker but close to person spoken to)*; iyon *(far from
both speaker and person spoken to)*
here

dito
there

diyan *(far from speaker but close to person spoken to)*; doon *(far from
both speaker and person spoken to)*
who

sino *(interrogative)*
what

ano *(interrogative)*
where

saan, nasaan *(interrogative)*
when

kailan, kelan *(interrogative)*
how

paano *(interrogative)*
not

hindi
all

lahat
many

marami
some

ilan, iilan
few

kaunti
other

iba, otro
one

isa, uno
two

dalawa, dos
three

tatlo, tres
four

apat, kwatro
five

lima, singko
big

malaki
long

mahaba
wide

malapad
thick

makapal, ispiso
heavy

mabigat
small

maliit, munti, pandak *(person)*
short

maikli, maigsî
narrow

makitid
thin

manipis
woman

babae
man (adult male)

lalaki
man (human being)

tao
child

anak, bata(kid)
wife

asawa
husband

asawa
mother

ina, nanay, mama
father

ama, tatay
animal

hayop
fish

isda
bird

ibon
dog

aso
louse

kuto
snake

ahas, sawa
worm

uod, bulati
tree

puno, punung-kahoy
forest

gubat
stick

patpat
fruit

prutas, bungang-kahoy, bunga
seed

binhi
leaf

dahon
root

ugat
bark (of a tree)

balat, bakbák
flower

bulaklak, suchil
grass

damo
rope

lubid, tali
skin

balat
meat

karne, laman, lamang loob
blood

dugo
bone

buto
fat (noun)

taba
egg

itlog
horn

sungay
tail

buntot
feather

balahibo
hair

buhok
head

ulo, kabesa
ear

tenga, tainga
eye

mata
nose

ilong
mouth

bibig
tooth

ngipin
tongue (organ)

dila
fingernail

kuko
foot

paa
leg

binti
knee

tuhod
hand

kamay
wing

pakpak
belly

tiyan
guts

bituka (intestines), laman-loob (innards)
neck

leeg
back

likod, likuran
breast

suso, dibdíb (suso is mammary gland)
heart

puso
liver

atay, igado
to drink

uminom, inumin
to eat

kumain, kainin, lumamon, lamunin
to bite

kumagát, kagatin
to suck

sumipsip, sipsipin
to spit

dumura
to vomit

sumuka
to blow

umihip, gulpi
to breathe

huminga
to laugh

tumawa
to see

makita
to hear

márinig, (makinig, dinggin = to listen)
to know

umalam, alamin, malaman
to think

mag-isip, isipin
to smell

amuyin
to fear

takot *(noun)*, matakot (to be afraid)
to sleep

matulog
to live

mabuhay
to die

mamatay, pumanaw, mapaslang
to kill

pumatay, patayin, pumaslang
to fight

lumaban
to hunt

mangaso
to hit

tamaan, tumbukin
to cut

putulin, hiwain (to slice)
to split

magbiyak, biyakin
to stab

manaksak, saksakin
to scratch

kamutin
to dig

maghukay, hukayin
to swim

lumangoy, languyin
to fly

lumipad, liparin
to walk

maglakad, lumakad
to come

dumating, datingan/datnan
to lie (as in a bed)

humiga
to sit

umupo *(state)*
to stand

tumayo *(state)*
to turn (intransitive)

lumiko, bumilíng (to turn own body)
to fall

bumagsak
to give

magbigay, ibigay
to hold

humawak, hawakan, tanganan, tangnán
to squeeze

pisilin, pigas
to rub

magkuskos, kuskusin
to wash

maghugas, hugasan
to wipe

magpunas, punasan
to pull

bumatak, batakin, humila, hilahin
to push

magtulak, itulak
to throw

maghagis, ihagis
to tie

magtali, itali
to sew

tahiin
to count

bumilang
to say

sabihin
to sing

umawit, awitin
to play

maglaro, laruin
to float

lumutang
to flow

umagos, iagos
to freeze

maging yelo, mabuô (to become solid), manigas (to become hard)
to swell

mamaga
sun

araw
moon

buwan
star

bituin
water

tubig
rain

ulan
river

ilog
lake

lawa
sea

dagat
salt

asin
stone

bato
sand

buhangin
dust

alikabok
earth

lupa
cloud

ulap
fog

ulap na hamog
sky

langit, kalangitan
wind

hangin
snow

niyebe
ice

yelo
smoke

aso, usok
fire

apoy
ash

abo
to burn

magsunog, masunog, sunugin
road

daan, kalsada, lansangan
mountain

bundok
red

pula
green

lunti(an), berde
yellow

dilaw
white

puti
black

itim
night

gabi
day

araw
year

taon
warm

mainit (=hot), maligamgám (lukewarm)
cold

malamig, magináw (cold, e.g., weather)
full

puno
new

bago
old

luma *(non-living things)*, matanda *(living things)*
good

mabuti
bad

masama, maldito/a
rotten

bulok, panis
dirty

marumi
straight

tuwid
round

bilog
sharp (as a knife)

matalim
dull (as a knife)

pudpod (=stubby), mapuról
smooth

makinis
wet

basa
dry

tuyo
correct

tama, tumpak
near

malapit
far

malayo
right

kanan

View other word lists here