Turkmen 101

Turkmen Word List

The purpose of this list is to give a rough idea of the Turkmen language. The words listed below are not the most common words, but a broad sampling of words. See the Word Lists page for more details.

English

Turkmen
I

men
you
(singular)

sen
he

ol
we

biz
you
(plural)

siz
they

olar
this

bu
that

şu, şol
here

şu taýda, onda, bäri
there

ol ýerde, o taýda
who

kim
what

näme
where

nirede
when

haçan
how

nähili; häýsy (which)
not (adjectives)

däl
all

bary, hemme, ähli, her
many

köp
some

birnäçe, berentak
few

az
other

başga
one

bir
two

ikki
three

üç
four

dört
five

bäş, kelle
big

uly (older) ; çişik
long

uzyn
wide

giňiş, giň
thick

galyň
heavy

agyr
small

kiçi, kiçijik
short

gysga
narrow

dar
thin

inçe
woman

heleý, aýal
man
(adult male)

erkek (adam)
man
(human being)

ynsan, adam, kişi
child
(a youth)

çaga
wife

aýal
husband

är, adam
mother

eje
father

kaka
animal

haýwan
fish

balyk
bird

guş
dog

it; köpek (male); güýük
louse

bit
snake

ýylan
worm

gurt, gurçuk
tree

bag, agaç
forest

tokaý
stick
(of wood)

çöp; taýak (stick, cane)
fruit

miwe
seed

tohum
leaf

ýaprak
root

kök; düýp (base)
bark
(of tree)

gabyk
flower

gül
grass

ot
rope

tanap, ýüp; urgan (thick)
skin
(human)

deri (animal); ham (human)
meat
(as in flesh)

et
blood

gan
bone

süňk
fat
(noun)

yağ
egg

ýumurtga
horn

şah (Pers.)
tail

guýruk
feather
(rather not down)

ýelek
hair

saç, tüý, gyl
head

baş, gele
ear

gulak
eye

көз
nose

burun
mouth

agyz
tooth
(rather not molar)

diş
tongue

dil
fingernail

dyrnak
foot

aýak
leg

aýak
knee

dyz
hand

el
wing

ganat
belly

garyn
guts

içege
neck

boýun
back

arka, yagyrny
breast

emjek
heart

ýürek
liver

bagyr
to drink

içmek
to eat

iýmek
to bite

dişlemek
to suck

emmek
to spit

tüýkürmek
to vomit

gusmak
to blow
(as wind)

üflemek, öwüsmek
to breathe

dem almak
to laugh

gülmek
to see

görmek
to hear

eşitmek
to know
(a fact)

bilmek
to think

pikir etmek, saýmak, üýtmek
to smell
(sense odor)

ysgamak (sniff)
to fear

gorkmak, eýmenmek
to sleep

uklamak
to live

ýaşamak
to die

ölmek
to kill

öldürmek
to fight

uruşmak (war) , söweşmek, göreşmek (wrestle) ,
to hunt
(transitive)

awlamak
to hit

patlamak; urmak (beat)
to cut

kesmek
to split

ýarylmak
to stab
(or stick)

pyçaklamak, naýzalamak
to scratch
(a cat)

dyrnaçaklamak
to dig

gazmak
to swim

ýüzmek
to fly

uçmak
to walk

ýöremek, barmak
to come

gelmek
to lie
(as on one's side)

ýatmak, uzanmak
to sit

oturmak
to stand

durmak
to turn
(change direction)

dönmek
to fall
(as in drop)

ýykylmak
to give

bermek
to hold
(in one's hand)

tutmak
to squeeze

sykmak
to rub

oýkamak, sürtenmek
to wash

ýuwmak
to wipe

süpürmek
to pull

dartmak, çekmek
to push

itmek
to throw

atmak
to tie

baglamak
to sew

tikmek
to count

sanamak
to say

diýmek
to sing

saýramak
to play

oýnamak
to float

ýüzmek
to flow

akmak
to freeze

şatlamak, doňdurmak
to swell

çişmek
sun

gün
moon

star

ýyldyz
water

suw
rain

ýağış
river

derýa
lake

köl
sea
(as in ocean)

deňiz
salt

duz
stone

daş
sand

gum; çäge
dust

çaň, toz, tozan
earth
(as in soil)

toprak
cloud

bulut
fog

duman
sky

gök, asman
wind
(as in breeze)

ýel
snow

gar
ice

buz
smoke

tüsse
fire

ot
ash

kül
to burn
(intransitive)

ötmek, otlamak; ýanmak
road

ýol
mountain

dag
red

gyzyl
green

ýaşyl
yellow

sary
white

ak
black

gara
night

gije
day
(daytime)

gün
year

ýyl
warm
(as in weather)

ýyly
cold
(as in weather)

sowuk
full

doly; dok (satisfied)
new

täze (Pers.)
old

köne (things) , garry (people)
good

ýagşy, gowy
bad

(er)bet; pis; ýaman (badly)
rotten
(as, a log)

çüýrük
dirty

kirli, hapa
straight

göni; dogry
round

togalak, öwre
sharp
(as a knife)

ýiti; ötgür
dull
(as a knife)

kütek
smooth

tekiz
wet

çygly; öl (damp, wet)
dry
(adjective)

qury
right
(correct)

dogry
near

ýakyn
far

uzak, alyş
right
(side)

sag

View other word lists here