Welsh 101

Welsh Word List

The purpose of this list is to give a rough idea of the Welsh language. The words listed below are not the most common words, but a broad sampling of words. See the Word Lists page for more details.

English

Welsh
I

mi, fi
you

ti
he

ef, fe, fo
we

ni
you
(plural)

chwi, chi
they

hwy, hwynt, nhw
this

hwn, y … yma
that

hwnnw, y … yna
here

yma
there

yna
who

pwy
what

beth
where

ble
when

pryd
how

sut
not

dim
all

holl, i gyd
many

llawer
some

rhai, rhyw
few

ychydig
other

arall
one

un
two

dau
three

tri
four

pedwar
five

pump
big

mawr
long

hir
wide

llydan
thick

tew
heavy

trwm
small

bach, bychan
short

byr
narrow

cul
thin

tenau
woman

gwraig, merch, dynes, menyw
man
(adult male)

gŵr, dyn
man
(human being)

dyn
child
(a youth)

plentyn
wife

gwraig
husband

gŵr
mother

mam
father

tad
animal

anifail
fish

pysgodyn
bird

aderyn
dog

ci
louse

lleuen
snake

neidr, sarff
worm

abwydyn
tree

coeden, colfen, pren
forest

coedwig, fforest
stick
(of wood)

ffon
fruit

ffrwyth
seed

had
leaf

deilen
root

gwraidd
bark
(of tree)

rhisgl
flower

blodyn
grass

gwellt
rope

rhaff
skin
(of a person)

croen
meat
(as in flesh)

cig
blood

gwaed
bone

asgwrn
fat
(noun)

saim
egg

ŵy
horn

corn
tail

cynffon, llost
feather
(rather not down)

pluen
hair

blew, gwallt
head

pen
ear

clust
eye

llygad
nose

trwyn
mouth

ceg, genau
tooth
(rather not molar)

dant
tongue

tafod
fingernail

ewin
foot

troed
leg

coes
knee

glin, pen-glin
hand

llaw
wing

asgell, adenydd
belly

bol, bola
guts

perfedd
neck

gwddf, mwnwgl
back

cefn
breast

bron
heart

calon
liver

afu, iau
to drink

yfed
to eat

bwyta
to bite

cnoi, brathu
to suck

sugno
to spit

poeri
to vomit

chwydu
to blow
(as wind)

chwythu
to breathe

anadlu
to laugh

chwerthin
to see

gweld
to hear

clywed
to know
(a fact)

gwybod
to think

meddwl
to smell
(sense odor)

arogli, clywed arogl
to fear

ofni, bod ag ofn
to sleep

cysgu
to live

byw
to die

marw
to kill

lladd
to fight

ymladd, brwydro
to hunt
(transitive)

hela
to hit

taro
to cut

torri
to split

hollti
to stab
(or stick)

gwanu, trywanu
to scratch
(an itch)

cosi
to dig

cloddio, palu
to swim

nofio
to fly

hedfan
to walk

cerdded
to come

dod
to lie
(as on one's side)

gorwedd
to sit

eistedd
to stand

sefyll
to turn
(change direction)

troi
to fall
(as in drop)

cwympo, disgyn, syrthio
to give

rhoi
to hold
(in one's hand)

dal, dala
to squeeze

gwasgu
to rub

rhwbio
to wash

golchi
to wipe

sychu
to pull

tynnu
to push

gwthio
to throw

taflu
to tie

clymu, rhwymo
to sew

gwnïo
to count

rhifo
to say

siarad
to sing

canu
to play

chwarae
to float

nofio
to flow

llifo
to freeze

rhewi
to swell

chwyddo
sun

haul
moon

lleuad, lloer
star

seren
water

dŵr
rain

glaw
river

afon
lake

llyn
sea
(as in ocean)

môr
salt

halen
stone

maen, carreg
sand

tywod
dust

llwch
earth
(as in soil)

daear
cloud

cwmwl
fog

niwl
sky

wybren
wind
(as in breeze)

gwynt
snow

eira
ice

smoke

mwg
fire

tân
ash

lludu
to burn
(intransitive)

llosgi
road

ffordd
mountain

mynydd
red

coch, rhudd
green

glas, gwyrdd
yellow

melyn
white

gwyn
black

du
night

nos
day
(daytime)

dydd
year

blwyddyn
warm
(as in weather)

cynnes, twym
cold
(as in weather)

oer
full

llawn
new

newydd
old

hen
good

da, mad
bad

drwg
rotten
(as, a log)

braen, pwdr
dirty

brwnt, budr
straight

syth
round

crwn
sharp
(as a knife)

miniog, llym
dull
(as a knife)

pŵl
smooth

llyfn
wet

gwlyb
dry
(adjective)

sych
right
(correct)

iawn, cywir, certh
near

agos
far

pell
right
(side)

de
left
(side)

chwith
at

at, wrth
in

yn, mewn
with
(accompanying)

â, gan, gyda, efo
and

a
if

os, pe
because

achos, oherwydd
name

enw

View other word lists here